Author Guidelines

Preparation of the Article

Please note that original articles must contain the following components. Please see below for further details.

  • Title page (excluding acknowledgements)
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods (Research)
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Acknowledgements
  • Conflict of Interest
  • References
  • Figure legends
  • Tables
  • Figures


Title Page:

The title page must contain the title of the paper, the full names of all the contributing authors and their affiliations, along with the name, full postal address, telephone and fax numbers and e-Mail address of the authors for correspondence and offprint requests. (This information is also required for on the electronic submission form). Conflict of Interest statement should also be attached with the title page.

  • The title should be brief, informative, of 150 characters or less and must not make a statement or conclusion.
  • The running title should consist of no more than 50 letters and spaces and should be as brief as possible, convey the essential message of the paper and contain no abbreviations.
  • Authors should reveal the sources of any support for the work, received in the form of grants and/or equipment and drugs.
  • In case authors regard it as essential to indicate that two or more co-authors are equal in status, they may be identified by an asterisk symbol with the caption ‘These authors contributed equally to this work’ immediately under the address list.


Original Articles must be prepared with an unstructured abstract constructed to summarise the essential features of the paper in a logical and concise sequence.


Materials/Subjects and Methods:

This section should contain ample detail, so that all experimental procedures can be reproduced, and include references. Methods, which have been published in detail elsewhere, should not be described in detail. Authors should provide the name of the manufacturer and their location for any specifically named equipment and instruments, and all drugs should be identified by their pharmaceutical names, and by their trade name if suitable.


Results and Discussion:

The Results section should briefly present the experimental data in text, tables or figures. Tables and figures should not be described extensively in the text, either. The discussion should focus on the interpretation and the significance of the findings with concise objective comments that describe their relation to other work in the area. It should not repeat information in the results. The final paragraph should highlight the main conclusion(s), and provide some indication of the direction future research should take.



These should be brief, and should include sources of support including sponsorship (e.g. university, charity, Commercial organisation) and sources of material (e.g. novel drugs) not available commercially.


Conflict of Interest:

Authors must declare whether or not there are any competing financial interests in relation to the work described. This information must be included at this stage and will be published as part of the paper. Conflict of interest should be noted in the cover letter and also on the title page.



Those papers which are directly related to the article should be cited. Exhaustive and excessive lists should be avoided. References should follow the Vancouver format. In the text they should appear as numbers starting at one and at the end of the paper they should be listed (double-spaced) in numerical order corresponding to the order of citation in the text. Where a reference is to appear next to a number in the text, for example following an equation, when writing chemical formula or biological acronym, then citations should be written as (ref. X) and not as superscript.


All authors should be listed for papers with up to six authors; for papers with more than six authors, the first six only should be listed, followed by et al. Abbreviations for titles of periodicals should be used properly. The first and last page numbers for each reference should be provided. Abstracts and letters must be identified as such. Papers in press may be included in the list of references.


Personal communications must be designated a number and should be included in the list of references in the usual way or simply referred to in the text; the authors may choose which method to use. In either case author must get permission from the individual concerned to quote his/her unpublished work.



Journal article, up to six authors:

Belk aid Y, Rouse BT. Natural regulatory T cells in infectious disease. Nat Immunol 2006; 8: 360-383.


Journal article, e-pub ahead of print:

Ponin M, Mursche S, Dergeman T, Leopold T, Illmer T, Ehninger G et al. F-ara-A pharmacokinetics during reduced-intensity conditioning therapy with fludarabine and busulfan. Bone Marrow Transplant 2006; epub ahead of print 6 January 2010; doi:10.1038/sj.bmt.1706655


Journal article, in press:

Fallardo RL, Junja HS, Gardner KH. Normal human marrow stromal cells induce clonal growth of human malignant T-lymphoblasts. Int J Cell Cloning (in press).


Complete book:

Atkinson K, Champlin R, Ritz J, Fibbe W, Ljungman P, Brenner MK (eds).Clinical Bone Marrow and Blood Stem Cell Transplantation, 4th edn. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK, 2006.


Chapter in book:

Coccia PF. Hematopoietic cell transplantation for osteopetrosis. In: Blume KG, Forman SJ, Appelbaum FR (eds). Thomas' Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, 3rd edn. Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Malden, MA, USA, 2012, pp 1543–1554.



Syrjala KL, Abrams JR, Storer B, Heiman JR. Prospective risk factors for five-year sexuality late effects in men and women after haematopoietic cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant 2005 ;47(Suppl 5): S4 (abstract 117).



Caocci G, Pisu S. Overcoming scientific barriers and human prudence [letter]. Bone Marrow Transplant 2010; 48: 849–860.



Tables should only be used to present essential data; they should not duplicate what is written in the text. It is imperative that any tables used are editable, ideally presented in Excel. Each must be uploaded as a separate Workbook with a title or caption and should be clearly labelled, sequentially. Author should make sure that each table is cited within the text and in the correct order, e.g. (Table 3). Please save the files with extensions .xls / .xlsx / .ods / or .doc or .docx. Please ensure that you provide a 'flat' file, with single values in each cell with no macros or links to other workbooks or worksheets and no calculations or functions.



Figures and images should be labelled sequentially and cited in the text. Figures should not be embedded within the text but rather up loaded as separate files. The use of three-dimensional histograms is strongly discouraged when the addition of the third dimension gives no extra information.


Figure Legends:

These should be brief, specific and appear on a separate manuscript page after the References section.


Supplementary Information:

Supplementary information (SI) is peer-reviewed material directly relevant to the conclusion of an article that cannot be included in the printed version owing to space or format constraints. The article must be complete and self-explanatory without the SI, which is posted on the journal's website and linked to the article. SI may consist of data files, graphics, revised movies or extensive tables.


Since Supplementary information (SI) are not edited authors should submit supplementary information files in the FINAL format so, typeset or changed, and will appear online exactly as submitted. When submitting Supplementary information, authors are required to:


  1. Include a text summary (Which is not more than 50 words) to describe the contents of each file.

  2. Identify the types of files or file formats submitted.

  3. Include the text ‚Supplementary information is available at (journal name’s) website at the end of the article and before the references.


House Style

  • Text should be double spaced with a wide margin.
  • All pages and lines are to be numbered. To add page numbers in MS Word, go to insert then Page Numbers. To add line numbers, go to File, Page Setup, then click the Layout tab. In the Apply to box, select Whole document, click Line Numbers then select the Add line numbering check box, followed by Continuous.
  • Do not make rules thinner than 1pt (0.36mm).
  • Use a coarse hatching pattern rather than shading for tints in graphs.
  • Colour should be distinct when being used as an identifying tool.
  • Spaces, not commas should be used to separate thousands.
  • At first mention of a manufacturer, the town (and state if USA) and country should be provided.
  • Statistical methods: For normally distributed data, mean (SD) is the preferred summary statistic.  Relative risks should be expressed as odds ratios with 95% confidence interval. To compare two methods for measuring a variable the method of Bland & Altman (1986, Lancet 1, 307–310) should be used; for this, calculation of P only is not appropriate.
  • Units: Use metric units (SI units) as fully as possible. Preferably give measurements of energy in kiloJoules or MegaJoules with kilocalories in parentheses (1 kcal = 4.186kJ). Use % throughout.
  • Abbreviations: On first using an abbreviation place it in parentheses after the full item. Very common abbreviations such as FFA, RNA, need not be defined. Note these abbreviations: gram g; litre l; milligram mg; kilogram kg; kilojoule kJ; megajoule MJ; weight wt; seconds s; minutes min; hours h. Do not add s for plural units.




you can send your paper via email to [email protected]







Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.

  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.


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Issue 2 Volume 7 - 2020
Call for Papers
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research. This has become the need felt in scientific research due to the emphasis on intra-, inter-, and multi-disciplinary approach.