A study on percentages of damage ratios of the European corn borer (ECB), Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on sweet corn cultivars

Nihat Demirel, Ömer Konuşkan

Abstract


The European corn borer (ECB), Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is one of the most important pest of grain corn and sweet corn in Turkey. The objective of this study was to assess percentage damage ratios of the ECB on stalk and corncobs of various sweet corn varieties in Reyhanlı district of Hatay province of Turkey.  The studies were carried out in 2015-2016 with four different sweet corn varieties including Caremelo, Vega, Merit and Batem. After two years of the study, the ECB larvae caused significant damages on stalk and corncobs of all sweet corn varieties.  The percentage damage of stalk and corncobs varied for each of the sweet corn varieties in both years.  In the first year, the highest percentages of stalk damage ratios were recorded on Batem (32.45), followed by Vega (19.85), Merit (17.07) and Caremelo (16.72).  In the second year,  the highest percentages of stalk damage ratios were observed on Merit (59.34),  followed by Caremelo (51.65),  Batem (45.09) and Vega (35.49).  In the first year, the largest percentages of corncobs damage ratios were recorded on Vega (25.73), followed by Batem (16.74), Caremelo (12.11), and Merit (9.30). In the second year,  the highest percentages of corncobs damage ratios were observed on Caremelo (14.31), followed by Merit (13.72), Batem (9.98) and Vega (8.93).  In conclusion, the largest percentages of stalk + corncobs damages ratios were observed on Batem (49.19), followed by Vega (45.58), Caremelo (28.83) and Merit (26.37) in 2015, while the highest percentages of stalk + corncobs damages ratios were recorded on Merit (73.06), followed by Caremelo (65.96), Batem (55.07) and Vega (44.42) in 2016.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24896/easl2017421

URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0000easl.v4i2.1755

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<Entomology+Zoology+Allied Branches>Entomology and Applied Science Letters