16 Technical Efficiency 0f Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Farming in Anggeraja, Indonesia

K. Nurhapsa, K. Kartini, C. Arham, M. Arsyad, S. Suherman, S. N. Sirajuddin

Abstract


Background: The agricultural sector has a significant role in the Indonesian economy as a source of revenue for the country, promoting economic growth and employment, as well as providing the raw materials for industry, particularly the food and beverage processing industries. Horticulture (including onions) is included in the food crops subsector, which also contributes to the national GDP. (Abbreviations: DEA: Data Envelopment Analysis; GDP: Gross Domestic Product; NPK: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium; ZA: Ammonium Sulphate; SP-36: Super Phosphate )
Purpose: This study was aimed to measure the technical efficiency of onion farming in the District of Anggeraja, Enrekang, Indonesia.
Method: The samples consisted of 75 onion farmers who were chosen through random sampling. The model used to analyze technical efficiency was developed by Khumbakar.
Result: The analysis showed that the average value of technical efficiency in onion farming is already quite high.
Conclusion: Improved education, training in more advanced technologies, and improvements in the managerial capabilities of farmers who are associated with farm management are efforts that can increase the productivity of onion farming.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Weesink A, Godah A, and Turvey CG, 1990. Decomposition measures of technical efficiency for ontario dairy farms. Can. J. of. Agr. Econ. 38 (3), 439–456.

Riyani L, 2011. Analisis efisiensi ekonomi penggunaan faktor-faktor produksi pada usahatani bawang merah varietas Bima di Kabupaten Brebes. M.S. thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta.

Rosyadi I, Achmad N, and Triyono, 2010. Meningkatkan efisiensi dan profitabilitas pada usahatani bawang merah di Kabupaten Brebes. Warta, 13(1): 65–76.

Banani A, Mustadjab M, Koestiono D, and Syafrial, 2013. Production management and technical efficiency of red onion farming in Brebes regency. J. of. Basic. and. Appl. Sci. Res. 3 (3), 85–90.

Melani HMK, 2013. Efisiensi penggunaan faktor produksi dan pendapatan usahatani bawang merah (Allium ascalonicum) di Desa Clarak, Kecamatan Leces, Kabupaten Probolinggo. M.S. thesis, Universitas Jember, Jember.

Baree MA, 2012. Measuring technical efficiency of onion (Allium cepa L.) farms in Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. of. Agr. Res. 37 (1): 171-178.

Kumbhakar CS, 2002. Spesification and estimation of production risk, risk preference and tehnical efficiency. Am. J. of. Agr. Econ. 84 (1): 8–22.

Nurhapsa, 2013. Analisis efisiensi teknis dan perilaku risiko petani serta pengaruhnya terhadap penerapan varitas unggul pada usahatani kentang di Kabupaten Enrekang, Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Ph.D. dissertation, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Rubatzky VE, and Yamaguchi M, 2012. World vegetables: principles, production, and nutritive value. Springer Science & Business Media, Europe.

Altieri MA, Funes-Monzote FR, and Petersen P, 2011. Agroecologically efficient agricultural systems for smallholder farmers: contributions to food sovereignty. Agron. for. Sustain. Dev. 32 (1):1-13.

Apriani LN, 2011. Analisis efisiensi teknis dan pendapatan usahatani bawang merah (studi kasus Desa Sukasari Kaler, Kecamatan Argapura, Kabupaten Majalengka, Provinsi Jawa Barat). M.S. thesis, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Lawalata M, Darwanto DH, and Hartono S, 2015. Efisiensi relatif usahatani bawang merah di Kabupaten Bantul dengan pendekatan data envelopment analysis (DEA). Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian. 18 (1), 1–8. [In Indonesian]




URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0000easl.v4i3.2013

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 K. Nurhapsa, K. Kartini, C. Arham, M. Arsyad, S. Suherman, S. N. Sirajuddin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

<Entomology+Zoology+Allied Branches>Entomology and Applied Science Letters