A survey of physico-chemical parameters in relation to fish abundance in Daberam reservoir Katsina state was conducted for a period of seven months, from March-September,2009. Physico-chemical parameters studied include temperature, water transparency, pH, dissolved oxygen, ammonia and nitrate. Eleven fish species were identified namely; Clarias gariepinus, Tilapia zilli, Oreochromis niloticus, Schilbedea micropogon, Sarotherondon galilaeus,Tilapia guntheri, Lates niloticus, Schilbe micropogan, Alestes nurse, Protepterus annectens and Mormyrus rume. The result of physical parameters studied showed that temperature ranges from 25.8oC-30.8oC. The PH ranges from 7.3-8.9. Electrical conductivity (E.C.) ranges from 0.02-0.13 (μs/cm) while transparency ranges from 0.18m-0.69m.The chemical parameters analysis showed that, Dissolved Oxygen (D.O), Biological oxygen demand (BOD5), Ammonia and Phosphate concentrations in the reservoir ranges between 6.37-10.93mg/l, 3.16-5.15mg/l, 1.5-2.5mg/l and 2.0-5.0mg/l respectively. All the results obtained were within the results obtained in African freshwater bodies and can sustain survival of both fish and other aquatic fauna in the reservoir.
Key Words: Physico-chemical, Dissolved Oxygen, Fish, Daberam Reservoir.
G.Z. Mahaman. PhD Thesis, Bayero University, Kano (Kano, Nigeria, 1999)
E. O. Ita. Food Agric Org Occassional Paper, 1993, 20: 91-120.
N.O. Bankole. PhD Thesis. Bayero University Kano (Kano, Nigeria, 2002)
Google Earth, Daberam reservoir map, 2012, Katsina State,Nigeria. www.google earth .com
Reed, W.,Burchard, J. Hopson, A.J.,Jeenes, J. and Yaro, I. Fish and fisheries of northern Nigeria, Gaskiya corporation, Zaria, Nigeria.1967, pp34-56
Babatunde, D.O. and Raji, A. Field guide to Nigerian freshwater fishes, 2nd edition, 2004.
Boyd, C.E. Water quality in warm water fish ponds. Agricultural experimental station, 2nd ed., Gaft master Pub. Co. Alabama, USA, 1981, 359p
Fagade, S.O, Adebisi., A.A.and Atanda, A.N.(1984) The breeding cycle of S. galilaues in the IITA lake, Ibadan, Nigeria. Archives. Hydrobiologia, 100 :493 – 500.
A. Hamisu. M.Sc. Thesis, Bayero University, Kano (Kano,Nigeria, 1993)
M. Haruna. M.Sc. Thesis, Bayero University, Kano (Kano, Nigeria, 2005)
B.A. Haruna. M.Sc. Thesis, Bayero University, Kano, (Kano, Nigeria, 1992).
Chapman, D. Water Quality Assessment: a guide to the use of biota, sediment and water in environmental monitoring, Chapman and Hill Publishers, London, UK, 1992, 585pp.
Alabaster, J.S. and Lloyd, R. Water quality criteria for fresh water fish. FAO and Butterworths press, London, UK, 1970, 297p.
Baijot, E., Moreau, J. and Bauda, S. Hydro biological aspects of fisheries in small reservoirs in the Sahel region. Wageningen, Netherland, 1997, 238p.
J. Liu and Z.T. Yu, (1992). Regulated River Resources and Management, 1992, 7(4): 359 – 368 pp.
D.S. Abolude, J.K. Balogun,, M.O.A. Oladipo, S.A, Abdullahi and I.O.B. Ewa. Nig J Fisheries, 2006,21(1): 245 – 255.
N.R. Fausey, L.C. Brawn, H.W. Belcher, R.S. Kanwar, J Irrig and Drainage Engr, 1995, 121(4): 238 – 288.
WHO. Environmental Health Criteria 101, Methylmercury. International programme on chemical safety, Geneva. 1990, 88p.
Haruna, B.A. Aquaculture in the tropics, Theory and practice, Alhassan publishers, Kano, Nigeria, 2003, pp 21– 254.
Jose, M.N. Hydrobiological characteristics of some Philippines river systems which are natural habitats of Micro brachium spp. Bureau of fisheries and aquatic resources of campus. Oil Manqueezon city, Philippines, 1980, pp515 – 530.
S.E. Branco, H. Senna, Reg River Res and Magt, 1996, 7(4), 359-368.
Maitland, P.S. (1978). Biology of freshwater. Robert machlehose and company limited, Great Britain, 1978, 315p.
S.K. Oni, J.Y. Olayemi, J. Adeboye, J Fish Biol, 1983, 22, 105-109
J.W. Wade. M.Sc. Thesis,University of Jos.(Jos, Nigeria, 1985).
A.W. Akpan and D.I.Anadu. J Aquatic Sc, 1991, 6: 23 – 30.
Clair, A.I. Charkroff, M. Darvin, J., Machelet, A. Fresh water pond assessment, peace cone and volunteers in technical assistance, Virginia, USA, 2003, pp 79-92.
B.S. Okoye, C.E. Obakin, P.S. Tonga. .Nig. J Aquatic Sci, 1991, 9(3):13-18.