Creative Commons License 2018 Volume 5 Issue 2

Fungicidal Activity of Seed Disinfectants Against Root Rot of Wheat in Various Types of Soils

A. P. Glinushkin, T. A. Akimov, O. O. Beloshapkina, J. Molnár, I. I. Sycheva, S. K. Temirbekova, A. V. Kvitko, L. A. Dorozhkina, V. I. Startsev, G. V. Pestsov, Y. Y. Spiridonov, G. A. Batalova, V. A. Zakharenko

We studied the efficacy of seed treatment with a variety of fungicides for control of root rot of wheat in different soil types. The effectiveness of various doses of the preparation on the basis of thiram (TMTD and TMTD-plus) and triazole containing Dividend Star, SC has been compared under the conditions of the Southern Urals in typical soils of the region (dark chestnut, southern chernozem, common chernozem). It is revealed that the effectiveness of thiram containing preparations in moderate doses (2.0–2.5 l/t for TMTD-plus and 3.0 l/t for TMTD) is higher on the dark-chestnut soils than on Chernozem. The biological efficiency of the Dividend Star does not depend on the type of soil. We compared the five pesticides with active substances from different chemical classes: Celest Top (thiamethoxam + difenoconazole + fludioxonil), Scenic Combi (clothianidin + fluoxastrobin + prothioconazole + tebuconazole), Maxim (fludioxonil), TMTD-plus (thiram), Kinto Duo (triticonazole + prochloraz) and Dividend Star (difenoconazole + cyproconazole) at the different tillage technologies under the non black soil region conditions. The effectiveness of all preparations decreases significantly at the no-till technology compared to the plowing. Most effective in plowing were Kinto Duo, Celest Top and TMTD-plus, and in zero-till – Celest Top and Scenic Combi.


Zazimko, M. I., Buzko, V. Yu., Sidak, P. V., Sidorov, N. M. and Rudnitskaya, L. V. (2003): Complex protection of the winter wheat seeds and seedlings from the diseases. Zaschita I karantin rasteniy, 9, 19-22 (in Russian).

Chulkina, V. A., Toropova, E. Yu., Chulkin, Yu. I. and Stetsov, G. Ya. (2000): Agrotechnical method of the plant protection. Marketing, Moscow, YUKOA, Novosibirsk (in Russian).

Govorov, D. N., Zhivykh, A. V., Ipatova, N. V., Proskuryakova, M. Yu., Novoselov, E. S., Shabelnikova, A. A., Gabbasova, S. G. and Ershova, N. A. (2015): Review of the phytosanitary conditions of the crops in Russian Federation in 2014 and prognosis of the harmful objects developments in 2015. Rosselkhoztsentr, Moscow (In Russian).

Toropova, E. Yu., Kazakova, O. A., Vorobyeva, I. G., and Selyuk, M. P. (2003): Fusarium root rots of grain crops in Western Siberia and the Urals. Zaschita I karantin rasteniy, 9, 23-26 (In Russian).

Moya-Elizondo, E. A., Rew, L. J., Jacobsen, B. J., Hogg, A. C. and Dyer, A. T. (2011): Distribution and prevalence of Fusarium crown rot and common root rot pathogens of wheat in Montana. Plant Disease, 95, 1099-1108.

Kaurichev, I. S. and Gromyko, I. D. (1974): Atlas of soils of the USSR. Kolos, Moscow, 164 p. (In Russian).

Artemyeva, Z. S., Ryzhova, I. M., Sileva T. M. and Podvezennaya, M. A. (2014): The composition of the microstructure of humus and arable horizons of the sod-podzolic soils. Pochvovedenie, 2, 184-191 (In Russian).

Garbeva, P., van Veen, J. A. and van Elsa, J. D. (2004): Microbial diversity in soil: Selection of microbial populations by plant and soil type and implications for disease suppressiveness. Annual Rev. Phytopathol. 42, 243-270.

Gill, J. S., Sivasithamparam K. and Smettem, K. R. J. (2000): Soil types with different texture affects development of Rhizoctonia root rot of wheat seedlings. Plant and Soil, 221, 113-120.

Kononova, M. M. (1961): Soil Organic Matter: Its Nature, Its Role in Soil Formation and in Soil Fertility. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 450 p.

Baileya, K. L and Lazarovitsh, G. (2003): Suppressing soil-borne diseases with residue management and organic amendments. Soil and Tillage Research, 72, 169-180.

Khokhryakov, M. K., Dobroznakova, T. L., Stepanov, K. M. and Letova, M. F. (2003): A Handbook of Plant Diseases. Lan’, St. Petersburg, (In Russian).

Directory of Pesticides and Agrochemicals (2015): The state catalogue of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation. Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow (In Russian).

Tretyakov, N. N. (2003): Practical Work on Plant Physiology. 4th (ed). Kolos, Moscow, 288 p. (In Russian).

Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international double-blind peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.

Announcement and Advertisement
Announcements regarding scientific activities such as conferences, symposium, are published for free. Advertisements can be either published or placed on website as banners.
open access
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research.