Creative Commons License 2018 Volume 5 Issue 1

Efficacy of The Some Insecticide Used in The Sunn Pest Eurygaster Spp. (Het; Scutelleridae) Struggle On the Adults of G. Monspeliensis (Picard) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) Parasitoid

Mahmut İslamoglu, Mehmet Karacaoglu

Sunn pest (Eurygaster integriceps Put.) (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) is the most important harmful insect of wheat in Turkey. Within the Gramineae family, Sunn pest feeds and makes damage especially in different phenological periods of wheat. It has been indicated that natural enemies have a great effect on the factors suppressing the sunn pest. The most important ones of these natural enemies are the species included in the Scelione family of Hymenoptera. There exist site-specific secondary species apart from the common species suppressing the sunn pest populations. Their spreading and availability rates are relatively lower, but they are important in some regions and years. At the results of some studies, it has been seen that Gryon monspelensis (Picard) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) is occasionally effective on the eggs of sunn pest in some regions of Gaziantep Province. The effects of application dosages of today’s most commonly used 4 insecticides (Alpha-cypermethrin, Deltamethrin, Lambda-cyhalothrin, and Dimethoate) on G. monspelensis, egg parasitoids were investigated in this study. According to the obtained data, In the dry film method; it was determined that 100 % of the parasitoids were died in the first 24 hours in the counting carried out on the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 14th days after insecticides application; however, in the controls 89% of the adult parasitoids were alive. In the statistical analysis, it was determined that the effects of insecticides in different times after application were not changed according to the survival rate, in other words, the interaction of insecticide x time was not statistically significant. It was determined that insecticides application affected the survival rates of the adults (P=0.00), and while controls took place in the first group, all applied insecticides were determined to be in another group in the statistical grouping. In the Dipping method; the effects of insecticides were determined as Lambda-cyhalothrin 100%, Alphacypermethrin 95, Deltamethrin 93 and Dimethoate 35, respectively. It was determined that dimethoate was present in a group while other insecticides Alphacypermethrin, Deltamethrin, and Deltamethrin were found in another group.


Anonymous, TUİK, 2012. 2011

Akkaya, A. Wheat Breeding. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University. General Publication No. 1, Faculty of Agriculture Publication No. 1, Textbooks Publication No: 1. Kahramanmaraş. 1994.

Lodos, N. Investigations on the problem of Eurygaster integriceps (Hetroptera; Scutelleridae) in Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria. Ege University Faculty of AgriculturePublications No: 51. İzmir. 1961.

Lodos, N. Turkey Entomology II. General Applied and Fuanistik. Ege University Faculty of Agriculture Publications No: 429. İzmir. 1986.

Dizlek, H. and İslamoğlu, M., Effects of Sunn Pest (Eurygaster maura L. Heteroptera; Scutelleridae) Sucking Number on Physical and Physicochemical Characteristics of Wheat Varieties. Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality, 88:10-15. 2015.

Dızlek, H., and Islamoglu, M., Comparison of methods for determination of suni bug damage ratio in wheat commodity used in our country. J. Agr. Fac. Uludag Univ. 24, 81-90. 2010.

Dizlek, H. and Özer, M.S., Effects of Sunn Pest (Eurygaster integriceps) Damage Ratio on Physical, Chemical, and Technological Characteristics of Wheat. Quality Assurance and Safety of Crops and Foods, 8(1):145-156. 2016.

Dizlek, H. and Özer, M.S.,. The Improvement of Bread Characteristics of Sunn Pest (Eurygaster integriceps) Damaged Bread Wheat by Blending Application and Using Additives. Quality Assurance and Safety of Crops and Foods, 8(3):427-437. 2016.

Rosca, I., C. Popov, A. Barbulescu, I. Vonica, K. Fabritius The role of natural parasitoids in limiting the level of Sunn pest populations. In Sunn pests and their control in the Near East (Eds Miller, R. H. Morse, J. G.). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. Italy. FAO, PPP Paper, 138: 35-46. 1996.

Islamoglu, M. Mass rearing and release of the egg parasitoid, Trissolcus semistriatus Nees. (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), A biological control agent of the sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps put. (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) in Turkey. Egyptian J. biol. Pests Contr., 21:131-136. 2012.

Hassan S.A., F. Bigler, P. Blaisinger, H. Bogenschutz, J. Brun, P. Chiverton, E. Dickler, M.A. Easterbrook, P.J. Edwards, W.D. Englert, S.J. Firth, P. Huang, C. Inglesfield, F. Klingauf, C. Kühner,

Polgar, L. Guedline for testing the effect of pesticides on Aphidius matricaria Hal, (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). IOBC/ WPRS Bulletin,11: 29-34. 1988.

N. E. Babaroğlu and. Uğur, A.. Effects of some insecticides on the adult of Sunn pest egg parasitoids Trissolcus spp. (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). Plant Protection Bulletin , 51(1): 45-60. 2011

Candolfı, M., Bıgler, F., Campbell, P., Heımbach, U., Schmuck, R., Angelı, G., Bakker, F., Brown, K., Carlı, G., Dınter, A., Fortı, D., Forster, R., Gathmann, A., Hassan, S., Mead-Brıggs, M., Melandrı, M., Neumann, P., Pasqualını, E., Powell, W., Reboulet, J.-N., Romıjn, K., Sechser, B., Thıeme, T., Ufer, A., Vergnet, C. Vogt, HPrinciples for regulatory testing and interpretation of semi-field and field studies with non-target arthropods. Journal of Pest Science 73, 141/ 147. 2000

Karman M. Establishment and evaluation of experiments. Publications of the General Directorate of Agricultural Fighting and Agricultural Quarantine of the Ministry of Agriculture and Settlement, Ankara, 279 pp. 1971.

Boller E. F., Vogt H., Ternes P. Malavolta C. Working Document on Selectivity of Pesticides. Internal Newsletter issued by the Publication Commission for the IOBC/wprs Council and Executive Committee, ISSUE Nr. 40. 2006.

Efe E., Günaydın T., Nogay A. Investigating the short-term effects of insecticides on the planet outside the target. Ataturk Horticultural Center Research. Inst. No: 92. 1996.

Rosca, I., Popov, C. The influence on egg parasites of the chemical treatments applied in wheat against cereal bugs. Lucrarile celei de a III-a Conferinte de Entomologie, IaĢi 20-22 Mai 1983, 613-617.

Saber, M., Hejazi, M.J., Kamali, K., Moharramipour, SEffects of Fenithrothion and Deltamethrin on Preimaginal Stages and Adult Life Table Parameters of Trissolcus semistriatus Nees (Hym., Scelionidae). Appl. Ent. Phytopath, 69: 119-138. 2001.

Şimşek, Z. Investigations on some relationships between Sune (Eurygaster integriceps Put.) (Het.:Scutelleridae) and egg parasite (Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees.)) In the Southeastern Anatolia region. Turkey I. Biological Control of Congress, 12-14 February 1986, Adana, 342-353. 1986.

Zeren, O., Yigit, A., Güllü, MEgg Parasitoids, Trissolcus spp. in Laboratory Conditions of Insecticides Used in the Fighting of Sune Eurygaster integriceps Put (Hemiptera, Scutelleridae) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). Turkey III: Biological Control. Cong., 25-28 Ocak, İzmir, 195-203, 1994.

Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international double-blind peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.

Announcement and Advertisement
Announcements regarding scientific activities such as conferences, symposium, are published for free. Advertisements can be either published or placed on website as banners.

Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (IPS) , University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore Pakistan.
open access
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research.