Creative Commons License 2016 Volume 3 Issue 4

Spatial and seasonal distribution of Bee Pollinator Species in a Sudanese Agro-ecological System in Burkina Faso, West Africa

Drissa Coulibaly, Alain Pauly, Souleymane Konaté, Eduard K. Linsenmair, Katharina Stein

Bees are the most important pollinators of many crops and wild plant species. The ecosystem service of pollination provided by these insects is crucial to maintain overall biodiversity and to secure crop yields worldwide. Especially improving the livelihood of smallholders in developing countries through higher crop yields is essential for achieving global food security and poverty reduction. However, ecosystem degradation, depletion of plant species, habitat fragmentation, use of insecticides and global warming constitute severe threats to these organisms with some being clearly at risk of extinction. Despite the great ecological and economic importance of bees as pollinators, hardly anything is known about the bee species in West Africa and particularly in Burkina Faso. The study aimed to assess bee communities of a Sudanese agro-ecological system in Burkina Faso. We investigated the diversity and abundance of bees in near-natural savannah habitats and in nearby fields of the main cash crops (cotton, sesame) at three sites in the south of the country. Bees were caught with 288 colored pantraps for the duration of one year, covering the dry and rainy season. A total of 105 species of bees belonging to 32 genera and 4 families (Apidae, Megachilidae, Halictidae, and Colletidae) were identified. The most diverse family was Halictidae (sweat bees) with 41 species. The family of Apidae (including honey bees, bumble bees and stingless bees) was the most abundant family including 92.57% of specimens collected. In this study, the stingless bee Hypotrigona gribodoi was the most abundant species with 74.55% of all specimen. However, general conclusions have to be drawn with caution, since species abundances can greatly differ from year to year. During our study time, we noticed that the greatest number of species and specimens of bees were obtained in the dry season because of the longer duration of the season. However, the peak of the diversity and abundance of bees was observed in the rainy season especially in July and August (months of intense rains). The assessment of bee species and their seasonal distribution is an important scientific basis for the establishment of appropriate management strategies and can be implied in terms of sustainable agricultural practices that insure better productivity due to bee pollination service provision and biodiversity conservation.


Keywords: Biodiversity - Pollination - Bees - Ecosystem service - Agriculture - Burkina Faso.


Klein, A.M., Vaissiere, B.E., Cane, J.H.., S., Dewenter, Cunnigham, S.A., Kremen, C., Tscharntke, T. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 2007, 274, 303-313.

Dias, B.S.F., Raw, A., Fonseca, V.L. International Pollinators Initiative: The São Paulo Declaration on Pollinators. Report on the Recommendations of the Work-shop on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators in Agriculture with Emphasis on Bees. Brasília: Brazilian Ministry of the Environment (MMA), 1999, 66.

Biesmeijer, J.C., Roberts, S.P.M., Reemer, M., Ohlemueller, R., Edwards, M., Peeters, T., Schaffers, A.P., Potts, S.G., Kleukers, R., Thomas, C.D., Settele, J., Kunin, W.E. Science, 2006, 313, 351-354.

Anonyme. Disparition des abeilles, Biodiversité et développement durable, 2008.

Aizen, M.A., Harder, L.D. Current Biology, 2009, 19, 915-918.

Lautenbach, S., Seppelt, R., Liebscher, J., Dormann, C.F.. PLoS One 7, e35954, 2012.

White, F. The vegetation of Africa. Paris: UNESCO, 1983, 1-352.

Steward, P.R., Shackelford, G., Carvalheiro, L.G., Benton, T.G., Garibaldi, L.A., Sait, S.M. Agriculture & Food Security, 2014, 3-5, DOI: 10.1186/2048-7010-3-5.

Herrero, M., Thornton, P.K., Notenbaert, A.M., Wood, S., Msangi, S., Freeman, H.A., Bossio, D., Dixon, J., Peters, M.., Steeg, J., Lynam, J.P., Parthasarathy. R.., Macmillan, S., Gerard, B., McDermott, J., Seré, C., Rosegrant, M. Science, 2010, 327, 822-825.

Chaplin, R., Dombeck, E., Gerber, J., Knuth, K.A., Mueller, N.D., Mueller, M., Ziv, G., Klein, A.-M. Global malnutrition overlaps with pollinator-dependent micronutrient production. Proceedings of the Royal Society BBiological Sciences Impact Factor, 2014, 281, 20141799.

Garibaldi, L.A., Carvalheiro, L.G., Vaissiere, B.E., Gemmill, B., Hipólito, J., Freitas, B.M., Ngo, H.T., Azzu, N., Sáez, J. Science, 2016, 351, 388-391.

Bommarco, R., Kleijn, D., Potts, S.G. Trends in ecology and evolution, 2013, 28, 230-238.

Tittonell, P., Giller, K.E. Field crop research, 2013, 143, 76-90.

Godfray, H.C.J., Beddington, J.R., Crute, I.R., Haddad, L., Lawrence, D., Muir, J.F., Pretty, J., Robinson, S., Thomas, S.M., Toulmin, C. Science, 2010, 327, 812-818.

Blondel, J., Ferry, C., Frochot, B. Avifaune et végétation, essai d’analyse de la diversité. Alauda, 1973, 10, 63-84.

Shannon, C.E. The Bell System Technical Journal, 1948, 27, 379-423.

Blondel, J. Biogéographie et écologie. Masson Paris, 1979, 1-173.

Bello, F., Lepš, J., Sebastià, M.T. Journal of Vegetation Science, 2007, 18, 25-34.

Sorensen, T.A. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Biologiske Skrifter, 1948, 5, 1-34.

Meurgey, F. Diversité des abeilles sauvages en Guadeloupe et leur contribution à la flore butinée, (Hymenoptera, Anthophila, Apidae et Megachilidae), 2014, 1-63.

Desneux, N., Decourtye, A., Delpuech, J.-M. Annual review of entomology, 2007, 52, 81-106.

Osborne, J.L. Nature, 2012, 491, 43-45.

Pauly, A., Kuhlmann, M., Eardley, C. Les genres et sous-genres d’abeilles de l’Afrique subsaharienne, 2010, 1-8.

Pauly, A. Mission entomologique en Afrique occidentale: renseignements écobiologiques concernant les hyménoptères. Faculté des sciences agronomiques de l'Etat, Zoologie générale et faunistique, 58(x) Gembloux (Belgique), 1979, 41-43.

Payette, A., Payette, M. Première mention de l’abeille Peponapis pruinosa (Say) (Hymenoptera : Apidae) pour

le Québec. Fabreries, 2003, 28 (1), 37-47.

Michener, C.D. The Bees of the world, the John Hopkins, University Press, Baltimore and London, 2007, 1-913.

Eardley, C.D. African Plant Protection, 2005, 10, 64-74

Eardley, C.D., Gikungu, M., Schwarz, M.P. Apidologie, 2009, 40, 355-366.

Roubik, D.W. Apidologie, 2006, 37, 124-143.

Garibaldi, L.A., Carvalheiro, L.G., Leonhardt, S.D., Aizen, M.A., Blaauw, B.R., Isaacs, R., Kuhlmann, M., Kleijn, D., Klein, A.M., Kremen, C., Morandin, L., Scheper, J., Winfree, R.. Ecology and Environment, 2014, 12, 439-447.

Jauker, F., Bondarenko, B., Becker, H.C., Dewenter, S.L. Agricultural forest entomology, 2012, 14, 81-87.

Rader, R., Reilly, J., Bartomeus, I., Winfree, R. Global Change biology, 2013, 19, 103-3110.

Stanley, D.A., Gunning, D., Stout, J.C. Journal of insect conservation, 2013, 17, 1181-1189.

Thomson, J.D., Goodell, K. Journal of Applied Ecology, 2001, 38, 1032-1044.

Vicens, N., Bosch, J. Environmental Entomology, 2000, 29, 235-240.

Woodcock, B.A., Edwards, M., Redhead, J., Meek, W.R., Nuttall, P., Falk, S., Nowakowski, M., Pywell, R.F. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2013, 171, 1-8.

Willmer, P. Pollination and Floral Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2011.

Pauly, A. Hymenoptera Apoidea du Gabon. Annales Sciences zoologiques, Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale, Tervuren, 1998, 282, 1-121.

Tchuenguem, F.F.N., Messi, J., Pauly A. Activité de Meliponula erythra sur les fleurs de Dacryodes edulis et son impact sur la fructification. Fruits, 2001, 56, 179-188.

Michener, C.D. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 1979, 66(3), 277-347.

Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international double-blind peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.

Announcement and Advertisement
Announcements regarding scientific activities such as conferences, symposium, are published for free. Advertisements can be either published or placed on website as banners.
open access
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research.