2021 Volume 8 Issue 3

Biological Efficiency of the Application of Herbicides on Spring Barley in the Chernozem Region


Roman Victorovich Shchuchka, Vladimir Alexandrovich Kravchenko, Vyacheslav Leonidovich Zakharov
Abstract

In the conditions of the Central Chernozem Region of Russia, a study of the effect of herbicides on the weed component and productivity of barley plants was carried out. We used seeds of spring barley of the Vakula variety and Ballerina Super, Prima, Lancelot, and Ballerina Forte herbicides. Weed counts were carried out following the All-Russian Institute for Plant Protection methodological instructions: before treatment (initial weediness), 15, 30, 45 days after treatment, and before harvesting. Sheaf samples for laboratory analysis were taken at the onset of economic ripeness in all test plots in four replicates. The actual yield of barley was determined using sheaf samples. The obtained results were processed by the method of variance analysis. The research variants were determined as follows: control (no effect of herbicides), Ballerina Super (application of a herbicide), Prima (application of a herbicide), Ballerina Forte (application of a herbicide), Lancelot (application of a herbicide). Studies have shown that perennial and annual dicotyledonous weeds have significant distribution in the crops of spring barley in the Central Chernozem zone. Out of these, in terms of abundance, white goosefoot, drug fumitory, white campion, black-bindweed, field pennycress, field milk thistle, and dog nettle prevail. A comparative analysis of herbicides, both in terms of the biological effectiveness of preparations against weeds and the effect on plant productivity, revealed that the Lancelot, Ballerina Super, and Ballerina Forte herbicides had the biggest effect against a wide range of weeds.


How to cite this article
Vancouver
Shchuchka R V, Kravchenko V A, Zakharov V L. Biological Efficiency of the Application of Herbicides on Spring Barley in the Chernozem Region. Entomol. Appl. Sci. Lett.. 2021;8(3):8-14. https://doi.org/10.51847/h7kM3hIIuB
APA
Shchuchka, R. V., Kravchenko, V. A., & Zakharov, V. L. (2021). Biological Efficiency of the Application of Herbicides on Spring Barley in the Chernozem Region. Entomology and Applied Science Letters, 8(3),8-14. https://doi.org/10.51847/h7kM3hIIuB

Biological Efficiency of the Application of Herbicides on Spring Barley in the Chernozem Region

Roman Victorovich Shchuchka1*, Vladimir Alexandrovich Kravchenko1, Vyacheslav Leonidovich Zakharov2

 

1 Department of Agrochemistry and Soil Science, Agroindustrial Institute, Bunin Yelets State University, Yelets, Russia.

2 Department of Technology of Storage and Conversion of Agricultural Products, Bunin Yelets State University, Yelets, Russia.


ABSTRACT

In the conditions of the Central Chernozem Region of Russia, a study of the effect of herbicides on the weed component and productivity of barley plants was carried out. We used seeds of spring barley of the Vakula variety and Ballerina Super, Prima, Lancelot, and Ballerina Forte herbicides. Weed counts were carried out following the All-Russian Institute for Plant Protection methodological instructions: before treatment (initial weediness), 15, 30, 45 days after treatment, and before harvesting. Sheaf samples for laboratory analysis were taken at the onset of economic ripeness in all test plots in four replicates. The actual yield of barley was determined using sheaf samples. The obtained results were processed by the method of variance analysis. The research variants were determined as follows: control (no effect of herbicides), Ballerina Super (application of a herbicide), Prima (application of a herbicide), Ballerina Forte (application of a herbicide), Lancelot (application of a herbicide). Studies have shown that perennial and annual dicotyledonous weeds have significant distribution in the crops of spring barley in the Central Chernozem zone. Out of these, in terms of abundance, white goosefoot, drug fumitory, white campion, black-bindweed, field pennycress, field milk thistle, and dog nettle prevail. A comparative analysis of herbicides, both in terms of the biological effectiveness of preparations against weeds and the effect on plant productivity, revealed that the Lancelot, Ballerina Super, and Ballerina Forte herbicides had the biggest effect against a wide range of weeds.

Keywords: Spring barley, Weed component, Herbicides, Ballerina super, Prima, Lancelot.


 


References

1.       Avdeenko AP. Influence of herbicides on weediness of crops and productivity of spring barley. Adv Mod Nat Sci. 2018;(10):34-9.

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Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
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