The frequency of using cosmetics among different age groups of women is very prevalent in Iran. Considering the importance of the high rate of using cosmetics which are the major reasons of allergic contact dermatitis, this study was conducted to consider women’s allergy rate to cosmetics in Kashan. In this research, data were gained through 800 standard questionnaires completed by women in Kashan. Sampling was random and multistage cluster. After obtaining the data, the graphs and tables were drawn, and the data were analyzed by Chi-square and Mann–Whitney. The highest rate of permanent use of cosmetics was in the age group of 20-29 years old. The results showed that 27% of women have allergy to cosmetics. The highest rate of allergy to cosmetics was allergic rhinitis with 24.4%, and the lowest was respiratory allergy with 6.8%. In 43.4% of the individuals, having a history of allergy was very effective in using these materials again. Although using cosmetics caused allergy, it did not reduce the use of cosmetics (P<0.243). The effect of having a history of allergy to cosmetics has a significant relation with the age of women. Using cosmetics is reduced by the increase in age (P<0.001). Using personal care products needs rational and global safety regulations.
Bocca B, Pino A, Alimonti A, Forte G. Toxic metals contained in cosmetics: a status report. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology. 2014;68(3):447-67.
Nohynek GJ, Antignac E, Re T, Toutain H. Safety assessment of personal care products/cosmetics and their ingredients. Toxicology and applied pharmacology. 2010;243(2):239-59.
Biebl KA, Warshaw EM. Allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics. Dermatol Clin 2006; 24:215-32.
oussi H, Nani N. The association between irritant contact dermatitis of hand and obsessive compulsive disorder in women: a case control study. Dermatology and Cosmetic. (2013);4(2):61-98.
Köberlein J, Vent J, Mösges R, Wieland R. Rainer Wieland Effectiveness of guidelines in treatment of allergic rhinitis: an analysis of individual patient data. J Public Health. (2011); 19:563-8.
Dehghani R, Akbari H, Vazirianzadeh B. A prospective study on the seasonal frequencies of insect bites (Diptera: Culicidae and Phlebotominae) and the related environmental and protective method factors in the city of Kashan, central of Iran, 2009. 2012.
Dehghani R, Takhtfiroozeh M, Kanani F, Aslani S. Case report of Stomoxys calcitrans bites in residential area of Kashan, Iran. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2014;23(110):257-61.
Dehghani R, Talaee R, Rafeenejad J, Seydi Rezvani R, Karimi F. Brown widow spider bite (Loxosceles sp., Araneae, Sicariidae): A case report from Kashan, Iran. Iran J Dermatol 2017; 20: 32-35
Varasteh A F, Taghi Shakeri M, Vahedi F, Abolhasani A, Saberi Afsharian M, Samei M, Sankian M. Prevalence of allergic disorders among the population in the city of Mashhad, Northeast Iran, J Public Health. (2009); 17:107-12.
Dehghani R, Babak V, Hossien HS, Negien J. Frequency of Sarcoptes scabiei infestation in patients referred to the parasitology laboratory in Isfahan, Iran (1996-2002). Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology. 2009;2009(2):65-70.
Dehghani R, Limoee M, Ahaki A. Research Note First report of family infestation with pubic louse (Pthirus pubis; Insecta: Anoplura: Pthiridae) in Iran–a case report. Tropical biomedicine. 2013;30(1):152-4.
Dehghani R, Zarghi I, Aboutalebi M, Barzegari Z, Ghanbari M. Fauna and habitat of aquatic arthropods of Kashan in 2010. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science. 2014;13(3):306.
Dehghani R, Afsaneh Hashemi A, Takhtfiroozeh M, Chimehi E, Chimeh El. Bed bug (Cimex lectularis) outbreak: A cross-sectional study in Polour, Iran. Iran J Dermatol 2016; 19:16-20.
Fereidouni M, Abolhasani A, Vahedi F, Taghi Shakeri M, Varasteh A. A preliminary survey of the prevalence of allergic disorders in a questionnaire-based study in Boshroye, a rural area of Iran. J Public Health (2010) (18):119-21.
Romaguera C, Camarasa J, Alomar A, Grimalt F. Patch tests with allergens related to cosmetics. Contact Dermatitis. 1983;9(2):167-8.
Adams RM, Maibach HI, Clendenning W, Fisher A, Jordan W, Kanof N, Larsen W, Mitchell J, Rudner E, Schorr W. A five-year study of cosmetic reactions. JAAD. 1985;13(6):1062-9.
Kohl L, Blondeel A, Song M. Allergic contact dermatitis from cosmetics. Dermatology. 2002;204(4):334-7.
Eiermann H, Larsen W, Maibach H, Taylor J, Group NACD, Adams R, et al. Prospective study of cosmetic reactions: 1977-1980. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 1982;6(5):909-17.
Corsini E, Papale A, Galbiati V, Roggen EL. Safety Evaluation of Cosmetic Ingredients: In Vitro Opportunities for the Identification of Contact Allergens. Cosmetics. 2014;1(1):61-74.
Hamilton T dGG. Allergic contact dermatitis to preservatives and fragrances in cosmetics. Skin Therapy Lett. (2011);16(4):1-4.
Goossens A. Contact-allergic reactions to cosmetics. Journal of allergy. 2011;2011.
Ortiz KJ, Yiannias JA. Contact dermatitis to cosmetics, fragrances, and botanicals. Dermatologic therapy. 2004;17(3):264-71.
Thyssen JP, White JM. Epidemiological data on consumer allergy to p‐phenylenediamine. Contact Dermatitis. 2008;59(6):327-43.
Lönngren V, Young E, Simanaitis M, Svedman C. Neutrophilic and eosinophilic dermatitis caused by contact allergic reaction to paraphenylenediamine in hair dye. Archives of dermatology. 2012;148(11):1299-301.
Jürgen A, Ulrike B, Claire Ch, Qasim Ch et al (2012) OPINION on Fragrance allergens in cosmetic products SCCS.http://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/index_en.htm. [Accessed 2 April 2016 2016]
Groot AC. Contact allergy to cosmetics: causative ingredients. Contact dermatitis. 1987;17(1):26-34.
Nielsen NH, Linneberg A, Menne T, Madsen F, Frolund L, Dirksen A, et al. Allergic contact sensitization in an adult Danish population: two cross-sectional surveys eight years apart (the Copenhagen Allergy Study). Acta dermato-venereologica. 2001;81(1):31-4.
Darbre PD. Underarm antiperspirants/deodorants and breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res. 2009;11(suppl 3): S5.
FATEHI AG, Ekhlasi E. Body management and its relationship with social acceptance of body. 2008.
Manová E, von Goetz N, Keller C, Siegrist M, Hungerbühler K. Use patterns of leave-on personal care products among Swiss-German children, adolescents, and adults. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2013;10(7):2778-98.
Kiani M, Mugouei F. Socio-economic factors influencing cosmetic products use by females under 20 years old in Yazdanshahr NajafAbad. Dermatology & Cosmetic. 2013;4(1).
Mansor N, Ali DEBM, Yaacob MR. Cosmetic usage in Malaysia: understanding of the major determinants affecting the users. International Journal of Business and Social Science. 2010;1(3).
Khraim HS. The influence of brand loyalty on cosmetics buying behavior of UAE female consumers. International Journal of Marketing Studies. 2011;3(2):123.
de Groot AC, Bruynzeel DP, Bos JD, van der Meeren HL, van Joost T, Jagtman BA, et al. The allergens in cosmetics. Archives of dermatology. 1988;124(10):1525-9.
Warshaw EM, Buchholz HJ, Belsito DV, Maibach HI, Fowler JF, Rietschel RL, et al. Allergic patch test reactions associated with cosmetics: retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from the North American Contact Dermatitis Group, 2001-2004. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2009;60(1):23-38.
Dehghani R. Health Sciences in Iran, Past and Present. International Archives of Health Sciences. 2014;1(1):1-3.
Nabavi M, Ghorbani R, Bemanian M, Rezaie M. Prevalence of mold allergy in patients with allergic rhinitis referred to Semnan clinic of allergy. Koomesh. 2009;11(1): Pe27-Pe32. 20: 32-3538.
Dehghani R. Human, Environment and Disease. Kashan: Publications of Farmanesh and Kashan University of Medical Sciences; 2014. p352-5.