Creative Commons License 2019 Volume 6 Issue 3

Reduction of Environmental Pollution with Pesticides: in silico Evaluation of the Efficiency of the Agrodozor Online Resource

M.A. Kuznetsova, O.I. Iakusheva, A.N. Rogozhin, N.V. Statsyuk N.V., V.N. Demidova, K.V. Borovsky

Plant pathogens may cause significant yield losses, threatening global food safety. A common approach for crop protection includes regular and frequent pesticide treatments independently of the weather and disease development level, which often results in excessive contamination of the environment and extra costs due to unnecessary use of pesticides. The use of modern digital technologies, such as computerized decision support systems (DSS) allows farmers to reduce the number of required treatments depending on the weather data and characteristics of the cultivars and pesticides used. To demonstrate advantages of the use of the Agrodozor DSS developed by the authors of this study, in silico evaluation of the efficiency of this online resource has been carried out for the Baltic region (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, and Kaliningrad region of Russia) in relation to the potato late blight and its control by fungicides. Using archived data (2005-2018) from 22 weather stations located at the studied region, the climatic zoning in relation to potential potato yield losses caused by the late blight has been performed followed by the optimization of the fungicide treatment schemes. Weather conditions favorable for the disease development (>20% of potential yield losses) were frequent in the Kaliningrad region, Latvia, and Lithuania (71.6, 50.0, and 50.8% of the analyzed seasons, respectively), whereas Estonia and Poland showed mainly unfavorable conditions (59.0 and 60.3%, respectively). Compared to the routine approach, the Agrodozor DSS provided a 1.3–3.2× reduction of the number and costs of fungicidal treatments and 1.2–5.8× reduction of their total toxicity that indicated its high efficiency and practical potential.

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Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international double-blind peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.

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Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research.