2021 Volume 8 Issue 3

Fauna and Species Diversity of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in Meadows


Alexander Ruchin, Sergei Alekseev, Anatoliy Khapugin, Mikhail Esin
Abstract

The species diversity of ground beetles (Carabidae) was studied in the meadow ecosystems in the center of European Russia (Nizhniy Novgorod region and the Republic of Mordovia). Seventeen localities were studied. All meadow biotopes were divided into four types: dry meadows, dry meadows adjacent to forest shelter-belts, wet floodplain meadows, and floodplain meadows affected by livestock grazing. The highest species diversity was in dry meadows adjacent to forest shelter-belts (65 species) and wet floodplain meadows (62 species). The lowest number of species was in floodplain meadows affected by livestock grazing (24 species). Forty ground beetle species have been identified in dry meadows. Wet floodplain meadows had the highest Shannon’s index, and the lowest Simpson index. The ground beetle fauna had high values of the Simpson and Berger-Parker indices in dry meadows. Only two species dominated in dry meadows, while four to seven species dominated in other habitats. According to the Jaccard similarity index, the most similar species composition of ground beetles was in dry meadows and dry meadows adjacent to forest shelter-belts. By reducing the number of species and specimens of ground beetles, trampling has a great effect on the fauna of floodplain meadows affected by livestock grazing.


How to cite this article
Vancouver
Ruchin A, Alekseev S, Khapugin A, Esin M. Fauna and Species Diversity of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in Meadows. Entomol. Appl. Sci. Lett.. 2021;8(3):28-39. https://doi.org/10.51847/Nv94GSLSkN
APA
Ruchin, A., Alekseev, S., Khapugin, A., & Esin, M. (2021). Fauna and Species Diversity of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in Meadows. Entomology and Applied Science Letters, 8(3),28-39. https://doi.org/10.51847/Nv94GSLSkN

Fauna and Species Diversity of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in Meadows

Alexander Ruchin1*, Sergei Alekseev2, Anatoliy Khapugin1, Mikhail Esin1

 

1 Joint Directorate of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve and National Park «Smolny», Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russia.

2Ecological club «Stenus», Kaluga, Kaluga region, Russia


ABSTRACT

The species diversity of ground beetles (Carabidae) was studied in the meadow ecosystems in the center of European Russia (Nizhniy Novgorod region and the Republic of Mordovia). Seventeen localities were studied. All meadow biotopes were divided into four types: dry meadows, dry meadows adjacent to forest shelter-belts, wet floodplain meadows, and floodplain meadows affected by livestock grazing. The highest species diversity was in dry meadows adjacent to forest shelter-belts (65 species) and wet floodplain meadows (62 species). The lowest number of species was in floodplain meadows affected by livestock grazing (24 species). Forty ground beetle species have been identified in dry meadows. Wet floodplain meadows had the highest Shannon’s index, and the lowest Simpson index. The ground beetle fauna had high values of the Simpson and Berger-Parker indices in dry meadows. Only two species dominated in dry meadows, while four to seven species dominated in other habitats. According to the Jaccard similarity index, the most similar species composition of ground beetles was in dry meadows and dry meadows adjacent to forest shelter-belts. By reducing the number of species and specimens of ground beetles, trampling has a great effect on the fauna of floodplain meadows affected by livestock grazing.

Keywords: Abundance, Fauna, Ground beetle, Meadows, Species.


 


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