2016 Volume 3 Issue 5

Effect of Temperature and pH variations on Growth Pattern of keratinophilic fungi from Jaipur, India

Vishnu Sharma, Anima Sharma, Ruchi Seth

Earth has native milieu for fungi that cover individual kingdom since evolution. The Keratinophilic fungi are allied molds that produce the keratinase enzyme to degrade the keratinous materials in or on the soil. These saprophytic fungi also play a role as causative of superficial infections in the environment. In order to present study, three isolates of fungi were evaluated to determine the effect of physical conditions (temperature & pH) on fungal growth on keratinophilic species. They were grown in an inundated culture medium containing various parameters of temperature & pH variations. In the study, Among isolated species, all species Chrysosporium indicum showed the highest growth weight of dry mycelium at 15ºC to 35ºC temperature & pH 3. While another two remaining species show slime increased growth at 35ºC & 7pH. In the present study, the best growth was recorded at 25°C to 35°C and 5-7 pH. Usually too alkaline and too acidic solutions or too high and too low temperature are not favorable for the growth of fungi. The leading phenomena of keratinophilic fungi in Jaipur are possibly due to the certain environmental conditions.


Keywords: Arthoderma multifidium; Chrysosporium indicum; Fusarium solani; Keratinophilic; filamentous fungi


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