Violence is a physical activity performed by a person to harm his/her own health and others, or destroy assets. Considering increasing violence in recent years in Iran, it is necessary to study its roots in order to reduce its negative effects on growth. In this study, key words such as violence, work environment, community, family, unemployment, children, women, urban and rural areas were searched on the valid websites related to medical and health magazines in the databases such as Web of Science, Ovid PubMed, Systematic Review, SID, Iran Medex, Scirus, Google Scholar, and Medline. Considering the purpose of the study, the findings were presented in the form of a review article. Findings showed that various environmental and cultural factors such as social, economic and cultural conditions, unemployment, social inequality and addiction are the most common causes of violence in Iranian society. Considering the increasing incidence of violence in Iranian society, it is necessary to study its roots. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to basic needs for a normal life without discrimination and reduction of unemployment. Stopping watching violent movies in the national media prevents increasing violence in society.
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