Creative Commons License 2015 Volume 2 Issue 1

Evaluation of Insecticidal Efficacy of Some Selected Plants Leaf- Ethanol Extracts against Musca domestica L. [Diptera: Muscidae]

1Bobi, A. H., Bandiya M. H., Suleiman M., Usman M.

Studies were carried out to determine the toxicidal potentials of leaf-extracts of Azadiracta indica (Juss), Calotropis procera (Aiton), Ocimum basilicum (Lin.) and Argemone mexicana (Lin.) against various developmental stages of housefly, Musca domestica L) in the laboratory. Dipping and feeding methods were employed to evaluate the insecticidal potentials of the plant extracts. Five different concentrations (100ppm, 200ppm, 300 and 400ppm) of the extracts were used in both methods of bioassay tests. All the selected plant extracts were found to affect the pupation and emergence of adults (p<0.001). Pupal survival and adult emergence was observed to be inversely proportional to the increase in the concentration of the extracts applied in both methods.

Key words: Dipping method, Efficacy, Musca domestica, Plant extracts, Pupation


R. Chambers, R. W. Longhurst, D. J. Bradley, R. G. Feacham, Journals of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1997, 82:156 – 172.

S. Sulaiman, M. Z. Othman, H. Aziz, Journal of Vector Ecology, 2000, 25: 90 – 93.

WHO, A community Action Programme, Geneva, Switzland, 1991, 29 – 34pp.

T. K. Graczyk, A. Knight, L. Tamang, Clinic Microbiology Review, 2005, 18 (1): 128 – 132.

C. Alexandra, M.Sc. dissertation, University of Florida, 2007, 21 – 35.

O. Hidayatulfathi, S. Sallelhundin, J. Ibrahim, A. K. Azizo, Tropical Biomedical, 2003, 20:153 – 157.

L. S. Mian, H. Maag, J. V. Tacal, Califonia Journal of Veterinary Ecology, 2005, 27(1): 82 – 85.

L. Kabkew, N. B. Sukontason, S. Kom, L. Wejchoochote, Review Insect Med. Tropic S. Paulo, 2004, 46(2): 97 – 101.

M. Y. Tarek, M. I. Elsheik, A. M. Walaa, S. A. Mouneer, Z. S. Ahmed, Egypt Academic Journal of Biological Science, 2011, 4(1): 33 – 48.

D. M. Ahmed, H. Chandler, J. Pereira, Insects Pest Control, 1981, 23(6): 170 – 175.

D. E. Champagene, M. B. Ismen, K. R. Downum, G. H. N. Towers, Chemoecology, 1993, 4: 165 – 173.

R. Wilttsuwannakul, D. Wittsuwannakul, C. Sakulberrug, Phytochemistry, 1998, 47: 193 – 187.

L. E. Castillo, J. J. Jimnex, M. A. Delgodo, Tropical and Subtropicl Agroecosystem, 2010, 12: 445 – 462.

T. D. Healing, Review of Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 1995, 83(5): 225 – 234.

B. D. Herve, W. K. Seth, B. Gberonyo, O. Daniel, African Journal of Biotechnology, 2008, 7 (24): 4635 – 42.

M. Kristensen, J. B. Jespersan, Journal of Economic Entomology, 2003, 96:1300 – 1306.

S. C. Saxena, L. Sumithra, Current Science, 1985, 54: 201 – 202.

G. C. Breeden, E. C. Turner, N. L. Beane, R. W. Miller, L. C. Pickens, Poultry Science, 1981, 60: 556 – 562.

M. L. Vignau, Jr. Romero, A. Baldo, M. A. Risso, M. P. Silvestrini, Analecta Veterinary, 2003, 23(2): 11 – 14.

G. Mullen, L. Durden, Mechanical and Veterinary Entomology, Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 2002,

C. Imani, Research in Population Ecology, 1985, 27: 111 – 123.

R. Tsao, J. R Coats, Chemtech, 1995, 25: 23 – 28.

H. A. Schiniedermann, Insect Hormone and Insect Juvenile Hormone, Chemistry and Action, Academic Press, New York, London, 1972, 3 – 27.

I. Almeida, D. Alviano, D. P. Viera, Parasitology Research, 2007, 101(2): 443 – 52.

H. Schmutter, Annual Review of Entomology. 1990, 35: 271 – 97.

B. Bozin, N. Mimica-Dukic, N. Simin, G. Anackor, Journal of Agriculture and Food Channel, 2006, 54(5): 1822 – 8.

Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international double-blind peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.

Announcement and Advertisement
Announcements regarding scientific activities such as conferences, symposium, are published for free. Advertisements can be either published or placed on website as banners.

Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (IPS) , University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore Pakistan.
open access
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research.