2017 Volume 4 Issue 3

Determination of Some Heavy Metals and Elements in Honeybee and Honey Samples from Saudi Arabia


Dalal Musleh Aljedani
Abstract

Honeybees and honey have become important tools for ecotoxicity because of their extraordinary ability to bioaccumulate of mineral element and toxic metals from the environment. The present study aimed to evaluate and detect the mineral element and pollution levels of honeybees and their product, honey, by heavy metals. These minerals include heavy metals; cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, manganese, nickel, lead, zinc) and elements (calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium). The levels of heavy metal pollution are collected from different regions in Saudi Arabia using foraging bees of Apis mellifera jemenatica. For this purpose, bee and honey samples were collected directly from different geographic regions in Saudi Arabia. The results of this study showed that the highest contamination level among the heavy metals in question was the iron (Fe). In the honey bee samples, the highest Fe concentrations were in Makkah region (8.794) Asir (6.222) Jazan (6.205)Al-Baha(2.088). In the honey samples, the highest Fe concentrations were found in Asir (1.904) Jazan (1.843)Al-Baha(1.340) and Makkah (0.907). In addition, we found that the most concentrated mineral element is potassium (K) in all four agricultural areas from which the samples were collected in this study. The results showed that metal levels are within the limits of international standards  in bee and honey in Saudi Arabia. 


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Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
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