2018 Volume 5 Issue 2

Pythium-Induced Root Rot of Potato and Its Control


Kuznetsova M.A., Rogozhin A.N., Smetanina T.I., Demidova V.N., Denisenkov I.A., Statsyuk N.V.
Abstract

In recent years, the frequency of Pythium leak of potato, caused by a soil pathogen Pythium ultimum, increased in many regions of Russia. This soilborn pathogen infects tubers in the field and storage facilities and also affects plant roots causing their rot. In spite of many publications about Pythium leak of tubers, data on the influence of this pathogen on the growth and development of potato plants are absent. In this study performed under greenhouse conditions, the effect of a pre-planting soil infection with P. ultimum on some morphometric traits of potato plants (cvs. Lorh and BP-808) was investigated, and the efficiency of a protective pre-planting treatment of soil with the Uniform (azoxystrobin + mefenoxam) fungicide was evaluated. The most negative influence of the pathogen presence in the soil was observed for plants of the middle-late cv. Lorh. For both cultivars (Lorh and BP-808), the pathogen caused reduction of the plant height (by 35 and 23%), root length (by 47 and 35%), and total yield (35 and 26%); in the case of cv. Lorh, a decrease in the germination rate and the number of stems per a plant were also registered (6 and 10%, respectively). A pre-planting soil application of the Uniform fungicide not only prevented the above-described negative influence of P. ultimum, but also provided a significant positive effect on the development of plants. In the case of such treatment, plants of cv. Lorh demonstrated increase in their height, number of stems, root length, and the total yield (24, 10, 29, and 29%, respectively) comparing to the control; for plants of the middle-early cv. BP-808, pre-planting Uniform application resulted in a significant increase in the root length and total yield (10 and 11%, respectively). Thus, the Uniform fungicide may be considered as an efficient tool to control Pythium-induced rot.


Share:
References

Dyakov Yu.T. Semeistvo Pitievye (Pytiaceae). In: Griby (Fungi), ed. M.V. Gorlenko. Moscow: Prosveshchenie, 1976, p. 45-50 [in Russian].

Pidoplichko N.M. Griby-parazity kul’turnyh rastenii. Opredelitel’ (Parasitic fungi of agricultural crops. Identification guide). Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1977, v. 1. p. 21-26 [in Russian].

Benken A.A., Korshunova A.F., Semenov A.Ya., Elbakyan M.A., Khatskevich L.K. Metodicheskie ukazaniya po diagnostike kirnevyh gnilei hlebnuh zlakov (Guidelines on the diagnostics of root rot diseases in cereals). Leningrad: VASKHNIL, 1977, p. 27-37 [in Russian].

Peresypkin V.F. Selskokhozyaistvennaya fitopatologiya (Agricultural phytopathology) Moscow: Agropromizdat, 1989 [in Russian].

Glinushkin A., Beloshapkina O., Plygun S., Nikolaev N., Mishenina T., Myasnyankina G., Lukyantsev V., Dushkin S., Karamatova E., Vasilyeva A., Grigorieva N., Solovykh A., Rayov A. Effectiveness of winter wheat varieties of world selection in South Ural. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences. 2013. Т. 16. № 4. С. 11-18.

Levitin M.M. Selskokhozyaistvennaya fitopatologiya: uchebnoe posobie (Agricultural phytopathology: a training manual) Moscow: Urait, 2016 [in Russian].

Sokolova G.D., Glinushkin A.P. Antagonists of the phytopathogenic fungus Fusarium graminearum. Mikologiya I Fitopatologiya 2017. 51.4. p.191-201.

Semenov A.M., Sokolov M.S., Glinushkin A.P., Glazko V.I. The health of soil ecosystem as self-maintenance and sustainable bioproductivity review article. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica. 2017. Т. 52. № 1. С. 69-82.

Diseases, pests and disorders of potatoes. A colour handbook (eds. Wale S., Platt H.W. and Cattlin N.). London: Manson Publishing Ltd., 2008, p.176.

Kuznetsova M.A. Potato storage diseases. Zashchita i karantin rastenii, 2006, no. 10, p. 37-44 [in Russian].

Dospeknov B.A. Metodika polevogo opyta (Guidelines on field experiments). Moscow: Agropromizdat, 1985 [in Russian].

Zitter T.A. Update on pink rot and pythium leak control for potatoes. Vegetable MD online, 2002. http://vegetablemdonline.ppath.cornell.edu/NewsArticles/Potoato_Pink_Leak.htm (Accessed May 04, 2018).

Fiers M., Edel-Hermann V., Chatot C., Le Hingrat Y., Alabouvette C., Steinberg C. Potato soil-borne diseases. A review. Agron. Sustain. Dev., 2012, 32, 93–132.

Ramusi T.M., van der Waals J.E., Labuschagne N., Aveling T.A.S. Evaluation of mefenoxam and fludioxonil for control of Rhizoctonia solani, Pythium ultimum and Fusarium solani on cowpea. South Afr. J. Plant Soil, 2016, 1–7.

Georgakopoulos D., Fiddaman P., Leifert C., Malathrakis N. Biological control of cucumber and sugar beet damping-off caused by Pythium ultimum with bacterial and fungal antagonists. J. Appl. Microbiol., 2002, 92, 1078-1086.

Larkin R.P., Griffin T.S. Control of soilborne potato diseases using Brassica green manures. Crop Protection, 2007, 26(2), 1067-1077.

Salman M., Abuamsha R. Potential for integrated biological and chemical control of damping-off disease caused by Pythium ultimum in tomato. BioControl, 2012, 57, 711-718.


Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
Issue 2 Volume 7 - 2020
Call for Papers
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research. This has become the need felt in scientific research due to the emphasis on intra-, inter-, and multi-disciplinary approach.