2014 Volume 1 Issue 2

Effectiveness of Punica granatum Linn. (Lythraceae) extracts on the adult performance of desert locust Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) (Orthoptera: Acrididae)

Ghoneim K., Amer M., Al-Daly A., Mohammad A., Khadrawy F., Mahmoud M. A.

The current investigation was carried out aiming to study the effects of ethanol, petroleum ether and n-butanol extracts from the fruit peel of Punica granatum on several parameters of adult performance of Schistocerca gregaria. Treatment of penultimate (4th) instar nymphs with the highest concentration level (80.0%) of each of the extracts resulted in 100.0% adult mortality. After treatment of last (5th) instar nymphs with the highest concentration level of ethanol or n-butanol extract, 100.0% adult mortality was recorded while petroleum ether extract caused only 50.0% adult mortality. Considering the adult morphogenesis, P. granatum extracts exhibited some impairing effects since various deformed adults were recorded after treatment of penultimate instar nymphs. In connection with the sexual maturity and ovarian maturation period of adult females, treatment of nymphs with P. granatum peel extracts resulted in significantly, or insignificantly, prolonged ovarian maturation period. A weak prohibitory action was exerted by all peel extracts on the reproductive life-time (oviposition period) of adult females after treatment of penultimate or last instar nymphs. With regard to total adult longevity, treatment of penultimate instar nymphs with petroleum ether extract, with an exception of its highest concentration level, exerted an accelerating action while a general delaying effect was exhibited by ethanol and nbutanol extracts. After treatment of last instar nymphs, contradictory effects on the total longevity were detected.

Keywords: ethanol, petroleum ether, n-butanol, survival, morphogenesis, longevity, ovarian maturation.


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Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
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Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research. This has become the need felt in scientific research due to the emphasis on intra-, inter-, and multi-disciplinary approach.