2016 Volume 3 Issue 4

Survey on seasonal changes of ixodidae ticks in Qazvin city and suburbs in 2015


Alireza Ghanbari, Hossein Hashemzadeh Farhang
Abstract

Ticks are very important in animal husbandry and they can transmit different disease. Of the different transmitted disease by the ticks some of them such as theileriosis and babesiosis are widely distributed in our studied area and hence this study was done about sheeps ixodidae ticks of Qazvin city to obtaining epidemiological importance aspects from sheep disease that are transmitted by ticks in this area. The samples was collected from sheep of Qazvin industrial slaughterhouse and livestock market from all body parts of body every two weeks and then stored in 70% ethanol, and transported to the laboratory. Identification of ticks was based on available taxonomic keys. Based of our results in this study the species diversity of founded ticks were Rhipicephalus bursa, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum, Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum, Hyalomma marginatum marginatum, Haemaphysalis sulcata, Haemaphysalis punctate, Dermacentor marginatus. Average ticks in every understudied sheep in spring, summer, autumn and winter has been estimated as 1.64, 3.16, 1.85 and 1.79, respectively. So, the highest rate of infection was in summer and the lowest rate was in spring. From 500 ticks that were found about 28, 27, 22, 15, and 8 percent were associated to under the tail and around the anus, groin, ears, under the shoulder, and other parts of the body. So, the highest rate of ticks was in the under the tail an anus and the lowest rate was under the shoulder. Rhipicephalus and Hyalomma species are commonly distributed in the Qazvin city and suburbs. Further investigations are needed to distinct the role of tick species as vectors of infectious diseases.

 

Keywords: Qazvin, hard tick, ixodidae, sheep


Share:
References

S. Chhillar, J.S. Chhilar and H. Kaur. J Entomol Zool Stud 2014, 2, 4, 99-104.

N. Vahedi-Noori, S. Rahbari and S. Bokaei. Journal of arthropod-borne diseases 2012, 6, 2, 129.

M. Mirzaei and J. Khedri. Veterinaria italiana 2013, 50, 1, 65-68.

R.L. Wall and D. Shearer. Veterinary Ectoparasites: Biology, Pathology and Control, John Wiley & Sons, 2008.

F. Jongejan and G. Uilenberg. Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics) 1994, 13, 4, 1201-1226.

S. Chinikar. Iranian Journal of Microbiology 2009, 1, 1, 7-12.

G.R. Razmi, M. Hosseini and M. Aslani. Veterinary Parasitology 2003, 116, 1, 1-6.

A. Walker and E. Koney. Bulletin of entomological research 1999, 89, 5, 473-480.

Z. Mazloum. 1971. Types of Mites Found in Iran, the Release of Geography, Seasons and Hosts Activities.

M.H. Khayatnouri and H. Hashemzadeh-Farhang. Vet. J. of Islamic Azad Uni. Tabriz Branch 2011, 5, 3, 1273-1279.

H. Hashemzadeh-Farhang, M.H. Khayatnouri, Y. Garedagi and O. Marufi. Journal Of Large Animal Clinical Science Research 2010, 4, 12, 61-66.

H. Hashemzadeh-Farhang and S. Jedi. 2009. Determination of Species Diversity of Ixodidae Ticks in Ardabil Slaughter Sheep.

P. Hooshmand-Rad and N. Hawa. Tropical animal health and production 1973, 5, 2, 97-102.

M. Asadi ghorbani and A. Nematollahi. 2003. Prevalence of Infection Sheep Ticks and Mites in Marand Suburbs.

S. Rahbari. Journal of Applied Animal Research 1995, 7, 2, 189-194.


Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
Issue 2 Volume 7 - 2020
Call for Papers
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research. This has become the need felt in scientific research due to the emphasis on intra-, inter-, and multi-disciplinary approach.