Ticks are very important in animal husbandry and they can transmit different disease. Different disease transmitted by the ticks which, theileriosis and babesiosis are widely distributed in our studied area. The aim of current study was to obtaining epidemiological importance aspects of sheep disease caused by ixodidae ticks of sheep in Kalaibar region. The samples was collected from sheep of kalaibar livestock and markets from all parts of body every two weeks and then stored in 70% ethanol, and transported to the laboratory. Identification of ticks was based on available taxonomic keys. Based of our results in this study the species diversity of founded ticks were Rhipicephalus bursa, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum, Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum. Of the 500 sampled ticks: Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum with 32.6% (163) and Rhipicephalus sanguineus with 15.2% (76) have the highest and lowest infestation rate, respectively. Rhipicephalus bursa 29.3% (150), Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum 22.2% (111) were observed with highest infection rate, respectively. Rhipicephalus and Hyalomma species are commonly distributed in the Kalaibar city and suburbs. Further investigations are needed to distinct the role of tick species as vectors of infectious diseases.
Keywords: Kalaibar, hard tick, ixodidae, sheep
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