2016 Volume 3 Issue 4

Species diversity and season changes of ixodidae ticks in Kalaibar city in 2015


Amir Aliakbari, Hossein Hashemzadeh Farhang
Abstract

Ticks are very important in animal husbandry and they can transmit different disease. Different disease transmitted by the ticks which, theileriosis and babesiosis are widely distributed in our studied area. The aim of current study was to obtaining epidemiological importance aspects of sheep disease caused by ixodidae ticks of sheep in Kalaibar region. The samples was collected from sheep of kalaibar livestock and markets from all parts of body every two weeks and then stored in 70% ethanol, and transported to the laboratory. Identification of ticks was based on available taxonomic keys. Based of our results in this study the species diversity of founded ticks were Rhipicephalus bursa, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum, Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum. Of the 500 sampled ticks: Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum with 32.6% (163) and Rhipicephalus sanguineus with 15.2% (76) have the highest and lowest infestation rate, respectively. Rhipicephalus bursa 29.3% (150), Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum 22.2% (111) were observed with highest infection rate, respectively. Rhipicephalus and Hyalomma species are commonly distributed in the Kalaibar city and suburbs. Further investigations are needed to distinct the role of tick species as vectors of infectious diseases.

 

Keywords: Kalaibar, hard tick, ixodidae, sheep


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Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
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