Knowledge sharing among faculty members is an effective and efficient strategy for knowledge gain. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between factors affecting knowledge sharing amongst faculty members of the Alborz University of Medical Sciences (Iran). The study was a descriptive-analytic (cross-sectional) study. The statistical population was the entire faculty members working in Alborz University of Medical Sciences in 2018 (N=172). Therefore, sampling was of complete nature including all faculty members. The data gathering tool was a researcher-based questionnaire. Content validity Ratio (CVR) and Content Validity Index (CVI) were used to assess the quantitative content. The reliability of the questionnaire was estimated by Cronbach's alpha at 0.86. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Pearson correlation coefficient were calculated using the 16 SPSS software. There was a meaningful and positive relationship between knowledge sharing with “enjoying helping others” and “organizational structure” (P<0.05). There was no significant relationship between knowledge sharing and gender and age (P>0.05). The most positive and significant correlations were between "Communication system" and "Organizational Structure" (r=0.676, sig=0.000, N=74) and between "Communication system" and "Supported senior managers" (r=0.657, sig=0.000, N=73). The results of this study suggest that managers of the Alborz University of Medical Sciences encourage faculty members in knowledge sharing by reducing their concern about the loss of their competitive advantage, by creating a reliable open atmosphere and changing the governing structure from hierarchical to a decentralized one. It is also recommended that senior university administrators encourage active participation of faculty members in the decision-making process, and support and encourage faculty members who share their knowledge with others. The senior administrators also need to organize university affairs by forming teams consisting of various educational groups and organize interactive and group discussions.
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