2016 Volume 3 Issue 2

Parasitic contamination of vegetables in some selected markets in Katsina Metropolis, North -Western Nigeria

Shinkafi Buhari Yusuf, Zary Shariman Yahaya, Fauziya Umar, Sani Zakariya

This study evaluated the prevalence of parasitic contamination of vegetables in Katsina Metropolis. Out of 180 vegetable examined 77 were found infected representing over roll prevalence of 42.7%. The highest prevalence was recorded in Ascaris lumbricoid nematode representing25% and 58% of total and infected samples respectively. The least prevalence rate was recorded in Ova of Hymenolepsis nana with 1.11% and 2.60% respectively. The Statistical significance difference was observed among the selected markets, with Kofarmarusa market having the highest contamination rate of 48.33% compared to others at p< 0.05. Lettuce had a high contamination ration rate of 60% as compared to spinach, cabbage and tomatoes. Our data demonstrated for the first time the importance of raw vegetables in a transmission of some intestinal parasites and highlight the role of raw vegetables in threatening public health in Katsina metropolis. Effective measures are necessary to reduce parasitic contamination of vegetables.


Keywords: Vegetable; Parasitic infection; Contamination, Market and Katsina metropolis


P. Amoah, P. Drechsel, R. C. Abaidoo, and W. J. N. Tow, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,2006,50, 1 – 6.

L. R. Beuchat, Journal of Microbes Infection,2002, 4,4, 13–23.

M. Simoes, B.Pisani, E. G. L.Margues, S. P.Braz,Journal of Microbiology,2001,32, 33, 1-333.

M. H. Wakid, Journal of Applied Sciences Research,2009, 5, 293 - 296.

W. A. I. Al-Megrm,International Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2010, 5, 20– 23.

L. B. Robert, G. C.Ramy, E. C.William, A. S. Hugh, C. James, Journal for Division of Agriculture and Natural resources, 2008, 13, 82-85.

J. G. Damen, E. B. Banwat, D. Z. Egah, and J. A. Allanana,Annals of African Medicine,2007, 6, 115 - 118.

P.Dorny, N. Praet,N.Deckers, S. Gabrie,Vet Parasitol, 2009, 163, 196–206.

M. O. OkoronkwoPh.D Thesis. University of Jos (Jos, Nigeria, 1998)

D. E. Said, Alexandria Journal of Medicine,2012,48, 345 – 352.

A. Hassan, H.Farouk, and R. Abdul-Ghani, Food Control, 2012, 26, 2, 500–503.

A. K. Abougrain, M. H.Nahaisi, N. S. Madi, M. M. Saied and K. S. Ghenghesh, Journal of Food Control, 201021, 760 – 762.

A. M.Hadi, Bulletin of theIraq Natural History Museum, 2011, 11, 4, 17–25.

M. J.Gharavi, M. R. S. Jahani, and M. B. Rokni,Iranian Journal of Public Health,2002, 31, 83-86.

G. L. Sia Su, C. M. R. Mariano, N. S. A. Matti, and G. B. Ramos, Asian Pacific Journal of TropicalDisease, 2012, 2, 1, 51–54,

S. M. Pires,A. R.Vieira,E. Perez, F. o. Lo,D. Wong, T. Hald,Int J Food Microbiol,2012, 152, 129–38.

A.Daryani, G. H. Ettehad, M. Sharif, L. Ghorbani, and H. Ziaei, IranJournal of Food Control, 2008, 19, 790 –794.

R. M. Nyarango, P. A. Aloo, E. W. Kabiru, and B. O. Nyanchongi, BMC Public Health,2008, 14,Article 237.

World Health Organization, raw”.Food safety programmedocument1999, 4 – 3.

J. D. Porter, C. Gaffney, and D. Heymann,AmericanJournal of Public health,1990, 80, 1259-1260.

R. Adaniradi, and F. Tasci,Journal of Food Control,2013 31, 482 – 484.

A. M. Al-Binali, C. S. Bello, K. El-Shewy, and E. S. Abdulla, Saudi Medical Journal,2006, 27, 613 – 616.

K. O. Duedu, A. Y. Elizabeth, B. T. Patience, K. A. Simon, D. F. Eric, ABMC Research notes,2014,7: 836.

G. O. Alade, T. O. Alade, I. K. Adewuyi, American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture & Environ. Science,2013 13, 1275 - 1282.

R. M. Al-Shawa, and M. N. Saleh, The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 2007, 1 62– 66.

M. O. Harhay, J. Horton, and P. L. Olliaro, Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy,20108, 219-34.

Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
Issue 2 Volume 7 - 2020
Call for Papers
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research. This has become the need felt in scientific research due to the emphasis on intra-, inter-, and multi-disciplinary approach.