2015 Volume 2 Issue 1

The Effect of Spent Mushroom Substrate on Blood Metabolites and Weight Gain in Kurdish Male Lambs


Sh. Ehtesham, A. R. Vakili
Abstract

The objective of this study was use different levels of spent mushroom substrate as a suitable substitute for wheat straw in the ration of male lambs. In this study 20 male lambs with the age of 90 days and initial average weight of 33± 1.7 kg were used. The animals were divided separately into single boxes with four treatments (control treatment, spent mushroom substrate 15%, spent mushroom substrate 25% and spent mushroom substrate 35%) and five replications. The experiment period was 114 days being 14 days adaptation and 90 days for breeding. On the days 36 and 94, blood samples were taken from the jugular vein. In order to carry out the trial, 20 male lambs received the four experimental diets in completely randomized design. The statistical analyses were carried out by using the GLM procedure of SAS 9.1. Means among treatments were compared by Tukey test. The results of the study showed that there was no significant differences between the serum biochemical and hematological contents of the lambs in the four treatments (p>0.05). A significant difference was observed between the spent mushroom substrate 25% and other treatments in average daily gain and final weight of the Kurdish lambs (p<0.05). It was concluded that spent mushroom substrate consumption has no harmful effect on the blood parameters of Kurdish male lambs. It is recommended that 25% of wheat straw could be replaced by spent mushroom substrate.

Key words: Alternative food, Nutrition, Sheep performance.


Share:
References

Bakshi, M.P.S. and P.N. Langar. 1991. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 61:6, 653-654.

Brunetti, G., P. Soler-Rovira, F. Matarrese and N. Senesi. 2009. J. Agric. Food Chem. 57:10859-10865.

Bobek, P., O. Ozdin and M. Mikus. 1995. Physiol. Res. 44:287-291.

Bonnen, A.M., L.H. Anton and A.B. Orth, 1994. Lignin-degrading enzymes of the commercial button

Burton, S.G, J.R. Duncan, P.T. Kaye, and P.D. Rose. 1993. Biotechnol. Bioengin. (USA). 42(8): 938-944.

Burton, K. S., J. B. V. Hammond and T. Minamide. 1994. Current Microbiol.28:275-278.

Chumpawadee, S.,Sommart, K.,Vongpralub, T. and Pattarajinda, V. 2006. J. Sci. Technol.28 (1): 59-70.

Crosbie, G. B. and J. B. Rowe. 1988. The effect of lignin silica content of oat hulls on their in vitro digestibility. Proceeding of the Australian Society of Animal Production. P: 17.

Diyabalange, T., V. Mulabagal, G. Mills, D.L. DeWitt and M. g. Nair. 2008. Food Chem., 108:97-102.

Fazaeli, H.; Masoodi, A. R. T. 2006. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 19 (6): 845-851.

Fukushima, M., T. Ohashi, Y. Fujiwara, K. Sonoyama and M. Nakano. 2001. Exp. Biol. Med. (Maywood) 226:758-765.

Fukushima, M., Y.Nakano, Y.Morii, T. Ohashi, Y. Fujieara, K. Sonoyama. 2000. J.Nutr.130:2151-2156.

Gerrits, J. P. G. 1994. Compost. Sci. Util (2):24-30.

Giovannozzi-Sermanii, G., G. Bertoni and A. Porri. 1989. Biotransformation of straw to commodity chemicals and animal feeds. In: Enzyme Systems for Lignocellulose Degradation (Ed. W. Coughlan). Elsevier science, Amsterdam. P:371-382.

Kakkar, V. K., H. S. Garcha, S. Dhanda and G. S. Makkar. 1990. Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 7(4):267-272.

Kleyn J, G. and T. F. Wetzler. 1981. Can. J. Microbiol. 27:748-753.

Langar, P. N., J. P. Sehgal and H. S. Garcha. 1980. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 50:942-946.

Langar, P.N., J.P. schgal, V.K. Rana, M.M. Singh and H.S. Garcha. 1982. Indian J. Anim Sci. 52:8, 634-637.

Lull, C., H.J. Wichers and H.F.J.Savelkoul. 2005. Mediators Inflamm:63-80.

Mizuno, M., Morimoto, K.I. Minato and H. Tsuchida. 1998. Biosci. biotechnol. Biochem, 62:434-437.

mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. Applied and environmental microbiology (USA). 60: 960-965.

Nakajima, A., Ishida, T., Koga, M., Takeuchi, T., Mazda, O and M. Takeuchi. 2002. Int. Immunopharmacol, 2:1205-1211.

Oh, Y.K., Lee, W.M., Choi, Ch. W., Kim, K.H., Hong, S. K., Lee, S. Ch., Seol, Y. J., Kwak, W.S., Nag-Jin Choi. 2010. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 12: 1608 – 1613.

Park, J.H, Yoon, S.H, Kim, S.W, Shin, D., Jin, S.K.,Yang,B.S and Y.M.Cho. 2012a. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances,11:1139-1147.

Park, J.H, Kim, S.W, Do, Y.J, Kim, H, Ko, Y.G, Yang, B.S, Shin, D and Young Moo Cho. 2012b. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci, 3: 320-324.

Tajbakhsh, J., M. A. Abdoli, E. Mohammadi Goltapeh, I. Alahdadi and M. J. Malakouti. 2008. Environmentalist 28:476-482.

Takenaga, M,. Aso, H.S and Y.Yamanaka. 1993. J. Japanese Society Grassland Sci, 39:1, 22-27.

Shu Hui Hu , Zeng Chin Liang , Yi Chen Chia , Juang Lin Lien , Ker Shaw Chen , Min Yen Lee , and Jinn Chyi Wang. 2006. J. Agric. Food Chem. 54:2103–2110.

Yoshioka, Y., R Tabeta, H saito, N. Uehara and F.Fukuoka.1985. Carbohydr. Res. 140:93-100.


Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
Issue 2 Volume 7 - 2020
Call for Papers
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research. This has become the need felt in scientific research due to the emphasis on intra-, inter-, and multi-disciplinary approach.