The aim of present study was to determine the effects of eight weeks of aerobic exercises and milk consumption on vascular inflammation in obese pre-pubertal children. 28 obese pre-pubertal boys (8-10 years) (BMI) were selected based on self nutrition, athletic performance, body mass index, physical health questionnaire among volunteers. Then, subjects were divided into four groups of exercise- supplement group, exercise group, control-supplement group and control group. The training program consisted of 8 weeks, Recipient group of milk supplement consumed 300 ml milk per day. Blood samples were taken before and after 8 weeks and 12 hours from fasting time for analysis of ICAM, VCAM and E-Selectin. Data analysis was performed using factor analysis of variance. Results showed that ICAM and VCAM were reduced significantly after 8 weeks in exercise, exercise-supplement, control and control- supplement groups. The results of variance analysis showed that there is significant difference between four groups, so there is difference between exercise - supplement and control- supplement. Also, E SELECTIN was reduced significantly in exercise and in exercise - supplement, in control and control- supplement groups. The results of variance analysis showed that there is significant difference between four groups so that there is difference between exercise group and control- supplement group and exercise- supplement group and control group and control - supplement group. In general, results showed that aerobic exercise and milk consumption may be considered as a non-pharmacological method for controlling obesity and preventing cardiovascular diseases through reducing endothelial adhesive molecules of obese pre-pubertal children.
Keywords: aerobic exercises, obese, vascular inflammatory factors
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