2016 Volume 3 Issue 6

Liquid glucose from corn and wheat instead of white sugar in honey bee feeds

Nasrollah Vali, Seid Mazaherseidi

Colonies are moved into many different locations for pollination, and some areas may not have sufficient forage. In this situation, bees depend on the beekeeper to provide them with food. In this study was to compare the liquid glucose from corn and wheat instead of white sugar in bee feeds on both the incubator and the desert, were studied. Glucose of wheat and corn each with three levels (0, 25, 50, and 75 percent) for each treatment. According to the results of the food intake of control treatments in the incubator Commercial bee were largest and most losses were related to liquid glucose over 75 percent of wheat and corn treatments. Results show that, was significant difference among treatments in terms of saved honey (P<0.05). It seems, liquid glucose at 50 percent can be used as part of the feeding bees sugar substitute.


Keywords: Corn, Honey bee, Liquid glucose, Nutrition, Sugar, Wheat.


Alaux, C., Ducloz, F., Crause,r D., & Le Conte, Y. Diet effects on honeybee Immunocompetence. Biology Letters,2010. 6: p.562- 565.

Winston, M. L. The Biology of the Honey Bee. Harvard University Press, 1987.

Bogdanov, S., Ruoff, K., &PersanoOddo, L. Physico-chemical methods for the characterization of unifloral honeys: a review. Apidologie, 2004.35: p.S4–S17.

Carter, C., & Thornburg, R.W. Is the nectar redox cycle a floral defense against microbial attack? Trends plant science, 2004.9: p.320-324.

Park, S. & Thornburg, R.W. Biochemistry of Nectar Proteins. Journal Plant Biology, 2009.52: p. 27–34.

Bailey, L. The effect of acid-hydrolyzed sucrose on honeybees. Journal of Apicultural Research, 1966. 5: p.127-136.

Herbert, E.W. Honey bee nutrition. In: Graham, J.M., Editor. The hive and the honey bee. 1992. p. 197-233. Dadant and Sons.

Goodwin, R.M. Feeding sugar syrup to honey bee colonies to improve pollination: a Review. 1997.78: p. 56-62.

Sammataro, D., Avitabile, A. The Beekeeper's Handbook, fourth edition. Cornell University Press, 2011.

Hull, P. Glucose Syrups: Technology and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.2010.

SAS, Statistical Analysis Systems SAS Inst. Inc., Cary,Nc, USA 265P. 2002.

Duncan, D.B. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 1955. 11: p. 1-42.

Barker, R.J., &Lehner, Y. Laboratory comparison of high fructose corn syrup, Grape syrop, Honey, and sucrose

syrup as maintenance food for caged honey bees. Apidologic, 1978.9(2): p. 111-116.

Ruiz-Matute, A.I., Weiss, M., Sammataro, D., Finely, J. &Sanz, M.L. Carbohydrate Composition of High-Fructose Corn Syrups (HFCS) Used for Bee Feeding: Effect on Honey Composition. Journal Agriculture Food Chemistry, 2010.58(12): p. 7317–7322.

Crailsheim, K. Intestinal transport of sugars in the honeybee (Apismellifera L.). Journal of Insect Physiology, 1988.34: p. 839-845.

Hausmann, C., Wackers, F.L., & Dorn, S. Sugar convertibility in the parasitoid Cotesiaglomerata (Hymenoptera:Braconidae). Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, 2005.60: p.223-229.

LeBlanc, B.W., G. Eggleston, D. Sammataro, C. Cornett, R. Dufault, T. Deeby& E. St. Cyr Formation of hydroxymethylfurfural in domestic high-fructose corn syrup and its toxicity to the honey bee (Apismellifera). Journal Agriculture Food Chemistry, 2009.57: p. 7369-7376.

Zirbes, L., Nguyen, B.K., Degraaf, D.C., Meulenaer, B.D., Reybroeck, Haubruge, W., E., &Saegerman C. Hydroxymethylfurfural: a possible emergent cause of honey bee mortality? Journal Agricalture Food Chemistry, 2013. 61:p.11865-11870.

Sammataro, D. & Weiss, M. Comparison of productivity of colonies of honey bees, Apismellifera, supplemented with sucrose or high fructose corn syrup. Journal of Insect Science: 2013. 13 p.9.

Severson, D.W. & Ericson, E.H.Jr. Honey bee coloney performance inrelation to supplemental carbohydrates. J.Ecom-Ento.1984. 77(6):p. 1473-1478.

Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
Issue 2 Volume 7 - 2020
Call for Papers
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research. This has become the need felt in scientific research due to the emphasis on intra-, inter-, and multi-disciplinary approach.