2015 Volume 2 Issue 1

On the structure of the urinary bladder in the African giant pouch rat (Cricetomys gambianus-Waterhouse, 1840) From Eastern Nigeria

Ikpegbu E., Nlebedum U. C., Ibe C. S.

The micromorphology of the body of the urinary bladder of the African Palm squirrel was investigated to fill the knowledge gap in available literature. The specimen was processed through routine histology, stained and viewed under the light microscope. Low magnification revealed that the body of the urinary bladder contained longitudinal mucosal folds coated with epithelium. At the core of the mucosal folds was laminar propria. Also prominent at this magnification was the tunica muscularis. At higher magnification, the mucosal folds were seen coated with dome shaped transitional epithelium of 3-4 cell-layer thick. At the base of the mucosal folds, the underlying laminar propria/submucosa contained loose connective tissue, small smooth muscle cells and abundant blood vessels. The tunica muscularis contained smooth muscle cells arranged in mostly inner longitudinal and outer circular orientation. However, some muscle fibres were seen running in diverse directions including obliquely thus presenting a meshwork arrangement. The meshwork tunica muscularis may help the animal withstand pressure due to accumulated urine.

Keywords: urinary bladder, histology, histochemistry, tunica muscularis, epithelium, Nigeria


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Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
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Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research. This has become the need felt in scientific research due to the emphasis on intra-, inter-, and multi-disciplinary approach.