2020 Volume 7 Issue 1

The Molecular Origin of the Dwarf Honey Bee Newly Recorded from Egypt


Manal. M. Salem, Mohamed A. Shebll, Soliman M. Kamel, Hassan A. M. El Demerdash
Abstract

Mitochondrial DNA CO1 gene sequence was used for the identification of Apis florae(A. florae) which is one of honey bees species, it is called dwarf honey bee as it is small size comparing to other types of honey bees, It makes a single comb on the tree, and was distributed in Asian countries, so it called Asian bees. The dwarf honey bee was recorded for the first time in Africa in 1987 and since that it was recorded in several countries, the dwarf bees are important pollinators. Accidentally A. florae introduced into Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Sudan, Ethiopia, and recently recorded in Egypt (Suez City). A. florae samples were screened for mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene with PCR and the product was sequenced; Sequence of Egyptian  Apis florae was analyzed and studied to determine the origin of these population. It was concluded that the Egyptian population was similar and identical with the Indian population by 99% - 100%, query 91-100%, these means that the Egyptian A. florae belong to the Indian species, came from the east, probably from Jordan and move into the Sinai Peninsula, then to Suez city.  A sequence of Egyptian population A. florae which is the first record in Egypt was added to the gene bank with Accession No: (PRJNA556448).


How to cite this article
Salem M M, Shebll M A, Kamel S M, El Demerdash H A M. The Molecular Origin of the Dwarf Honey Bee Newly Recorded from Egypt. Entomol appl sci lett 2020;7(1):76-80
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Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
Issue 2 Volume 7 - 2020
Call for Papers
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research. This has become the need felt in scientific research due to the emphasis on intra-, inter-, and multi-disciplinary approach.