2016 Volume 3 Issue 2

Studying Serologic incidence of toxoplasmosis using ELISA in sheep and goats in Tabriz city and its relation to abortion

Hossein Hashemzadeh Farhang, Arashrasouli k

Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases causing abortion in sheep and goats. Two Hundred blood samples were obtained from sheep and goats slaughterhouses of Tabriz city to conduct ELISA Test in order to determine the slaughterhouses infection rate as well as the presence of IgG antibody. Serological results showed that infection with Toxoplasma Gondii was 20 percent, which 14.5% and 5.5% were related to sheep and goats, respectively. The Results indicate a significant difference between the infection rate of the sheep and goats of the region, which may suggest the vulnerability of sheep against the disease compared with goats. Based on the obtained results, females had more infection rate than males, which was 26% and 13% in ewes and rams, and 11% and 10% in goats and Billy goats, respectively. Statistically, the difference of infection rate between the sexes was significant in sheeps, but it wasn’t so significant in goats.


Keywords: Sheep, Toxoplasmosis, Tabriz


J. Abdi, S. Shojaee, A. Mirzaee and H. Keshavarz. Iranian Journal of Parasitology2008, 3, 2, 34-37.

M. Assmar, A. Amirkhani, N. Piazak, A. Hovanesian, A. Kooloobandi and R. Etessami. Bulletin de la Societe de

pathologie exotique (1990)1996, 90, 1, 19-21.

J.P. Dubey. Toxoplasmosis of Animals and Humans, CRC press, 2009,

J.P. Dubey and C. Beattie. Toxoplasmosis of Animals and Man, CRC Press, Inc., 1988,

S.A. Elmore, J.L. Jones, P.A. Conrad, S. Patton, D.S. Lindsay and J. Dubey. Trends in parasitology2010, 26, 4,


C. Ghazaei. African journal of health sciences2006, 12, 3, 114-117.

M. Ghorbani, A. Hafizi, M. Shegerfcar, M. Rezaian, A. Nadim, M. Anwar and A. Afshar. The Journal of tropical medicine and hygiene1983, 86, 2, 73-76.

C.N. Macpherson. International Journal for Parasitology2005, 35, 11, 1319-1331.

F. Mansouri, H. Hatami, B. Mahdavian and A.H. Hashemian. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci)2003, 7, 2.

O. Miman, O.Y. Kusbeci, O.C. Aktepe and Z. Cetinkaya. Neuroscience letters2010, 475, 3, 129-131.

S. Navidpour and N. Hoghooghi-Rad. Veterinary Parasitology1998, 77, 2, 191-194.

O. Okusaga, P. Langenberg, A. Sleemi, D. Vaswani, I. Giegling, A.M. Hartmann, B. Konte, M. Friedl, M.W. Groer and R.H. Yolken. Schizophrenia research2011, 133, 1, 150-155.

M. Sevgili, C. Babür, S. Nalbantoğlu, G. Karaş And Z. Vatansever. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences2005, 29, 1, 107-111.

A.M. Tenter, A.R. Heckeroth and L.M. Weiss. International Journal for Parasitology2000, 30, 12, 1217-1258.

E.F. Torrey and R.H. Yolken. Emerging infectious diseases2003, 9, 11, 1375-1380.

Entomology and Applied Science Letters is an international peer reviewed publication which publishes scientific research & review articles related to insects that contain information of interest to a wider audience, e.g. papers bearing on the theoretical, genetic, agricultural, medical and biodiversity issues. Emphasis is also placed on the selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance. Papers on non-insect groups are no longer accepted. In addition to full-length research articles and reviews, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, and Letters to the Editor. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.
Issue 1 Volume 8 - 2021
Call for Papers
Entomology and Applied Science Letters supports the submission of entomological papers that contain information of interest to a wider reader groups e. g. papers bearing on taxonomy, phylogeny, biodiversity, ecology, systematic, agriculture, morphology. The selection of comprehensive, revisionary or integrated systematics studies of broader biological or zoogeographical relevance is also important. Distinguished entomologists drawn from different parts of the world serve as honorary members of the Editorial Board. The journal encompasses all the varied aspects of entomological research. This has become the need felt in scientific research due to the emphasis on intra-, inter-, and multi-disciplinary approach.