2016 Volume 3 Issue 5

Seasonal changes in the physiological characteristics of Aleppo pine


Malika RACHED-KANOUNI, Karima KARA
Abstract

Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) plays an important role in the ecology and landscape of different countries around the Mediterranean basin. It is an essential component in reforestation strategy for limy soils in the arid or semi-arid climates. In the present study, in order to analyze seasonal physiological and biochemical changes in Aleppo pine trees in forest of Chettaba (region in north-eastern of Algeria), leaf, stems and root samples of the plant were collected in 3 replicates during different season of 2015/2016. The findings suggested that the features under study changed with the season. In summer leaves, there was a significant difference in chlorophyll a contents, soluble sugars, proline and oxidase enzymes activities (catalase, peroxidase) as compared with other seasons samples. In stems and roots, proline rate and soluble sugars had respectively increased in summer and autumn. However, no significant difference was observed in catalase and peroxidase in stems. In summer, catalase and peroxidase content roots was significantly increased compared to the other seasons.

 

Key words: Aleppo pine, Seasonal changes, Chlorophylls, Soluble sugars, Proline, Catalase, Peroxidase


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