A study on occurrence and population trends of the carob moth, Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in pomegranate orchards by using pheromone traps

Nihat Demirel

Abstract


The carob moth (CM), Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a serious pest on pomegranate in Turkey. Pheromone traps, baited with 1 mg Z9, E11-hexadecadienal, Z9-tetradecenal, Z9, E11,13-tetradecatrienal (1:1:8) impregnated in rubber septa were used for seasonal monitoring of this pest in two districts of Hatay province, Turkey. After two years of the study, the pest was found in thirty-three sampled sites. The relative population level of the pest was higher in Kırıkhan district than was in Antakya district. The seasonal activity of CM increased from June to October, and the percentage of the total moths caught over the sampling period was high in October and September due to temperature and ripening period of fruits. The major flight period of the pest was observed to be from April through mid-November and thus the pest have four overlapping generations; the first generation develops from mid-April until late June, the second generation from late June to late August, the third generation from September to late October and the fourth generation overwinters as larvae on remaining fruits and completes its development at the beginning of spring, on pomegranate fruit in Hatay province of Turkey.

 

Key words: carob moth, pheromone traps, pomegranate, Turkey.


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URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0000easl.v3i1.777

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